APB suppresses synaptic input to retinal horizontal cells in fish: a direct action on horizontal cells modulated by intracellular pH

APB suppresses synaptic input to retinal horizontal cells in fish: a direct action on horizontal... Abstract 1. Membrane potentials and cone-driven light responses were recorded from the H1-type horizontal cells in isolated retinas. Membrane potentials and intracellular pH were recorded also in enzymatically dissociated solitary horizontal cells. 2. In isolated retinas the glutamate analogue 2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (APB) hyperpolarized horizontal cells and reduced their light responses in a dose-dependent manner (5-200 microM). 3. The action of APB depended on the formulation of the saline; APB was effective in L-15 saline buffered with N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid (HEPES) but not in a commonly used, nominally CO2-free bicarbonate/Tris-buffered saline. 4. The major factor controlling the potency of APB was intracellular pH. APB was ineffective during retinal perfusion with NH4Cl-containing or CO2-free bicarbonate saline, both of which are known to alkalinize cells. In contrast, APB was effective in salines formulated to acidify the retinal neurons. These included both HEPES and Tris-buffered salines containing a weak acid and bicarbonate/Tris-buffered saline gassed with CO2. 5. APB reduced the size of glutamate-evoked depolarizations in solitary horizontal cells but had no independent action in the absence of glutamate. This reduction of glutamate-induced depolarization was observed in salines formulated to block voltage-dependent calcium and potassium currents. 6. The magnitude of APB's antagonistic action on solitary horizontal cells increased in a dose-dependent manner from 10 to 200 microM. The antagonism was increased by intracellular acidification and was reduced or eliminated by alkalinization. 7. We conclude that APB can reduce glutamate-evoked and, by inference, the photoreceptor neurotransmitter-evoked depolarization of horizontal cells by acting directly on the horizontal cells. This effect of APB is modulated by intracellular pH. Copyright © 1992 the American Physiological Society http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Neurophysiology The American Physiological Society

APB suppresses synaptic input to retinal horizontal cells in fish: a direct action on horizontal cells modulated by intracellular pH

Journal of Neurophysiology, Volume 67 (6): 1633 – Jun 1, 1992

Loading next page...
 
/lp/the-american-physiological-society/apb-suppresses-synaptic-input-to-retinal-horizontal-cells-in-fish-a-80XmktH6Za
Publisher
The American Physiological Society
Copyright
Copyright © 1992 the American Physiological Society
ISSN
0022-3077
eISSN
1522-1598
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Abstract 1. Membrane potentials and cone-driven light responses were recorded from the H1-type horizontal cells in isolated retinas. Membrane potentials and intracellular pH were recorded also in enzymatically dissociated solitary horizontal cells. 2. In isolated retinas the glutamate analogue 2-amino-4-phosphonobutyrate (APB) hyperpolarized horizontal cells and reduced their light responses in a dose-dependent manner (5-200 microM). 3. The action of APB depended on the formulation of the saline; APB was effective in L-15 saline buffered with N-2-hydroxyethylpiperazine-N'-2-ethanesulfonic acid (HEPES) but not in a commonly used, nominally CO2-free bicarbonate/Tris-buffered saline. 4. The major factor controlling the potency of APB was intracellular pH. APB was ineffective during retinal perfusion with NH4Cl-containing or CO2-free bicarbonate saline, both of which are known to alkalinize cells. In contrast, APB was effective in salines formulated to acidify the retinal neurons. These included both HEPES and Tris-buffered salines containing a weak acid and bicarbonate/Tris-buffered saline gassed with CO2. 5. APB reduced the size of glutamate-evoked depolarizations in solitary horizontal cells but had no independent action in the absence of glutamate. This reduction of glutamate-induced depolarization was observed in salines formulated to block voltage-dependent calcium and potassium currents. 6. The magnitude of APB's antagonistic action on solitary horizontal cells increased in a dose-dependent manner from 10 to 200 microM. The antagonism was increased by intracellular acidification and was reduced or eliminated by alkalinization. 7. We conclude that APB can reduce glutamate-evoked and, by inference, the photoreceptor neurotransmitter-evoked depolarization of horizontal cells by acting directly on the horizontal cells. This effect of APB is modulated by intracellular pH. Copyright © 1992 the American Physiological Society

Journal

Journal of NeurophysiologyThe American Physiological Society

Published: Jun 1, 1992

There are no references for this article.

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create folders to
organize your research

Export folders, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off