We determined whether acquired obesity is associated with increases in liver or intra-abdominal fat or impaired insulin sensitivity by studying monozygotic (MZ) twin pairs discordant and concordant for obesity. We studied nineteen 24- to 27-yr-old MZ twin pairs, with intrapair differences in body weight ranging from 0.1 to 24.7 kg body mass index (BMI) range 20.0–33.9 kg/m 2 , identified from a population-based FinnTwin16 sample. Fat distribution was determined by magnetic resonance imaging, percent body fat by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry, liver fat by proton spectroscopy, insulin sensitivity by measuring the fasting insulin concentration, and whole body insulin sensitivity by the euglycemic insulin clamp technique. Intrapair differences in BMI were significantly correlated with those in intra-abdominal fat ( r = 0.82, P < 0.001) and liver fat ( r = 0.57, P = 0.010). Intrapair differences in fasting insulin correlated with those in subcutaneous abdominal ( r = 0.60, P = 0.008), intra-abdominal ( r = 0.75, P = 0.0001) and liver ( r = 0.49, P = 0.048) fat. Intrapair differences in whole body insulin sensitivity correlated with those in subcutaneous abdominal ( r = –0.72, P = 0.001) and intra-abdominal ( r = –0.55, P = 0.015) but not liver ( r = –0.20, P = 0.20) fat. We conclude that acquired obesity is associated with increases in intra-abdominal and liver fat and insulin resistance, independent of genetic factors. body composition; fatty liver; genes; environment; spectroscopy; magnetic resonance imaging Address for reprint requests and other correspondence: K. H. Pietiläinen, Dept. of Public Health, PO Box 41, Univ. of Helsinki, 00014 Helsinki, Finland (E-mail: email@example.com )
AJP - Endocrinology and Metabolism – The American Physiological Society
Published: Apr 1, 2005
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