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The Effect of Detail Importance and Passage Structure on the Retention of Prose by Twelve‐Year‐Old Children

The Effect of Detail Importance and Passage Structure on the Retention of Prose by... Educational Studies, vol. 3, no. 2, June 1977 The Effect of Detail Importance and Passage Structure on the Retention of Prose by Twelve-Year-Old Children R. J. RIDING & D. G. McQUAID INTRODUCTIO N In the school situation children receive much of their instruction through spoken prose. The in- formation it contains is then often retained for several days before the topic is continued and the content is recalled and related to further material. What pupils remember of a topic they did a few days earlier will depend on both what they have retained of the material and the recall strategy they employ to retrieve the information from memory. However, little research appears to be available to answer the practical question of jus t what will be recalled. It seems likely that an important variable that will affect retention and recall will be the struc- ture of the prose presented. Three aspects of the structure that may influence retention are, (1) the degree of relationship of a detail to the main theme of the passage, (2) whether the passage has an inbuilt serial structure as in a story, or is a collection of related facts as in thematic material, and http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Educational Studies Taylor & Francis

The Effect of Detail Importance and Passage Structure on the Retention of Prose by Twelve‐Year‐Old Children

Educational Studies , Volume 3 (2): 7 – Jun 1, 1977

The Effect of Detail Importance and Passage Structure on the Retention of Prose by Twelve‐Year‐Old Children

Educational Studies , Volume 3 (2): 7 – Jun 1, 1977

Abstract

Educational Studies, vol. 3, no. 2, June 1977 The Effect of Detail Importance and Passage Structure on the Retention of Prose by Twelve-Year-Old Children R. J. RIDING & D. G. McQUAID INTRODUCTIO N In the school situation children receive much of their instruction through spoken prose. The in- formation it contains is then often retained for several days before the topic is continued and the content is recalled and related to further material. What pupils remember of a topic they did a few days earlier will depend on both what they have retained of the material and the recall strategy they employ to retrieve the information from memory. However, little research appears to be available to answer the practical question of jus t what will be recalled. It seems likely that an important variable that will affect retention and recall will be the struc- ture of the prose presented. Three aspects of the structure that may influence retention are, (1) the degree of relationship of a detail to the main theme of the passage, (2) whether the passage has an inbuilt serial structure as in a story, or is a collection of related facts as in thematic material, and

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References (7)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
ISSN
1465-3400
eISSN
0305-5698
DOI
10.1080/0305569770030206
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Educational Studies, vol. 3, no. 2, June 1977 The Effect of Detail Importance and Passage Structure on the Retention of Prose by Twelve-Year-Old Children R. J. RIDING & D. G. McQUAID INTRODUCTIO N In the school situation children receive much of their instruction through spoken prose. The in- formation it contains is then often retained for several days before the topic is continued and the content is recalled and related to further material. What pupils remember of a topic they did a few days earlier will depend on both what they have retained of the material and the recall strategy they employ to retrieve the information from memory. However, little research appears to be available to answer the practical question of jus t what will be recalled. It seems likely that an important variable that will affect retention and recall will be the struc- ture of the prose presented. Three aspects of the structure that may influence retention are, (1) the degree of relationship of a detail to the main theme of the passage, (2) whether the passage has an inbuilt serial structure as in a story, or is a collection of related facts as in thematic material, and

Journal

Educational StudiesTaylor & Francis

Published: Jun 1, 1977

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