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Statistical modeling methods: challenges and strategies

Statistical modeling methods: challenges and strategies Statistical modeling methods are widely used in clinical science, epidemiology, and health services research to analyze data that has been collected in clinical trials as well as observational studies of existing data sources, such as claims files and electronic health records. Diagnostic and prognostic inferences from statistical models are critical to researchers advancing science, clinical practitioners making patient care decisions, and administrators and policy makers impacting the health care system to improve quality and reduce costs. The veracity of such inferences relies not only on the quality and completeness of the collected data, but also statistical model validity. A key component of establishing model validity is determining when a model is not correctly specified and therefore incapable of adequately representing the Data Generating Process (DGP). In this article, model validity is first described and methods designed for assessing model fit, specification, and selection are reviewed. Second, data transformations that improve the model’s ability to represent the DGP are addressed. Third, model search and validation methods are discussed. Finally, methods for evaluating predictive and classification performance are presented. Together, these methods provide a practical framework with recommendations to guide the development and evaluation of statistical models that provide valid statistical inferences. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biostatistics & Epidemiology Taylor & Francis

Statistical modeling methods: challenges and strategies

Statistical modeling methods: challenges and strategies

Abstract

Statistical modeling methods are widely used in clinical science, epidemiology, and health services research to analyze data that has been collected in clinical trials as well as observational studies of existing data sources, such as claims files and electronic health records. Diagnostic and prognostic inferences from statistical models are critical to researchers advancing science, clinical practitioners making patient care decisions, and administrators and policy makers impacting the...
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Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2019 Martingale Research Corporation
ISSN
2470-9379
eISSN
2470-9360
DOI
10.1080/24709360.2019.1618653
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Statistical modeling methods are widely used in clinical science, epidemiology, and health services research to analyze data that has been collected in clinical trials as well as observational studies of existing data sources, such as claims files and electronic health records. Diagnostic and prognostic inferences from statistical models are critical to researchers advancing science, clinical practitioners making patient care decisions, and administrators and policy makers impacting the health care system to improve quality and reduce costs. The veracity of such inferences relies not only on the quality and completeness of the collected data, but also statistical model validity. A key component of establishing model validity is determining when a model is not correctly specified and therefore incapable of adequately representing the Data Generating Process (DGP). In this article, model validity is first described and methods designed for assessing model fit, specification, and selection are reviewed. Second, data transformations that improve the model’s ability to represent the DGP are addressed. Third, model search and validation methods are discussed. Finally, methods for evaluating predictive and classification performance are presented. Together, these methods provide a practical framework with recommendations to guide the development and evaluation of statistical models that provide valid statistical inferences.

Journal

Biostatistics & EpidemiologyTaylor & Francis

Published: Jan 1, 2020

Keywords: Goodness-of-fit; Information Matrix Test; model misspecification; model selection; specification analysis

References