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Modeling time taken to HIV testing and uptake of test results: application of extended PWP model

Modeling time taken to HIV testing and uptake of test results: application of extended PWP model Improving HIV testing among the most at risk populations (MARP) is one of the first steps to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal target of ending AIDS by 2030. Factors affecting time taken to HIV testing and subsequent clinic visits to uptake the test result are important inputs for development of HIV prevention programmes. This study aims to develop multivariate statistical models to describe HIV testing behavior of MARP. HIV testing data of 5667 Female Sex Workers registered with the National HIV Prevention Programme in 10 districts of Sri Lanka during 2016 and 2017 were modelled using univariate and multivariate survival analysis techniques. Results showed that the Prentice, Williams & Peterson gap time model (PWPGTM), and all univariate Cox Proportional Hazard Models together generated consistent results. However, higher number of effects of the factors and interaction effects were detected in the PWPGTM compared to other models. Further, PWPGTM generated more precise estimates with lower standard errors. In all the models, most of the factors were identified as time dependent covariates. Study concludes that the extended PWPGTM is the more appropriate technique to model time taken to HIV testing and subsequent clinic visit to uptake of test results among MARP. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Biostatistics & Epidemiology Taylor & Francis

Modeling time taken to HIV testing and uptake of test results: application of extended PWP model

Biostatistics & Epidemiology , Volume 6 (1): 16 – Jan 2, 2022

Modeling time taken to HIV testing and uptake of test results: application of extended PWP model

Abstract

Improving HIV testing among the most at risk populations (MARP) is one of the first steps to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal target of ending AIDS by 2030. Factors affecting time taken to HIV testing and subsequent clinic visits to uptake the test result are important inputs for development of HIV prevention programmes. This study aims to develop multivariate statistical models to describe HIV testing behavior of MARP. HIV testing data of 5667 Female Sex Workers registered with the...
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Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
© 2021 International Biometric Society – Chinese Region
ISSN
2470-9379
eISSN
2470-9360
DOI
10.1080/24709360.2021.2017637
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Improving HIV testing among the most at risk populations (MARP) is one of the first steps to achieve the Sustainable Development Goal target of ending AIDS by 2030. Factors affecting time taken to HIV testing and subsequent clinic visits to uptake the test result are important inputs for development of HIV prevention programmes. This study aims to develop multivariate statistical models to describe HIV testing behavior of MARP. HIV testing data of 5667 Female Sex Workers registered with the National HIV Prevention Programme in 10 districts of Sri Lanka during 2016 and 2017 were modelled using univariate and multivariate survival analysis techniques. Results showed that the Prentice, Williams & Peterson gap time model (PWPGTM), and all univariate Cox Proportional Hazard Models together generated consistent results. However, higher number of effects of the factors and interaction effects were detected in the PWPGTM compared to other models. Further, PWPGTM generated more precise estimates with lower standard errors. In all the models, most of the factors were identified as time dependent covariates. Study concludes that the extended PWPGTM is the more appropriate technique to model time taken to HIV testing and subsequent clinic visit to uptake of test results among MARP.

Journal

Biostatistics & EpidemiologyTaylor & Francis

Published: Jan 2, 2022

Keywords: HIV testing; multiple ordered events; PWP model; time-dependent covariates; multivariate survival model

References