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Fertility Decline and Increased Manifestation of Sex Bias in India

Fertility Decline and Increased Manifestation of Sex Bias in India Population Studies, 51, (1997), 307-315 Printed in Great Britain Fertility decline and increased manifestation of sex bias in India MONICA DAS GUPTA AND P. N. MARI BHAT be operating-a 'parity' effect which leads to a 1. INTRODUCTION reduction of sex bias, and an 'intensification effect' One consequence of fertility decline in East Asian which increases it. countries, such as South Korea and China, has The ' parity' effect is based on the observation been a steep rise in the sex ratio at birth. This from studies in South Asia that excess mortality of suggests that fertility decline in societies charac- girls was concentrated in higher parities (Das terized by strong son preference may be accom- Gupta 1987; Muhuri and Preston 1991 ; Pebley and panied by increased manifestation of sex bias as Amin 1991). Therefore, as fertility declines and the reflected in excess mortality of girls. Similar trends proportion of births of higher parity decreases, the may be found in India, especially its northern excess mortality of girls will also fall (Figure 1). region. Fertility in India has been falling: between The 'intensification' effect is based on the 1981 and 1991 Total Fertility declined from 4.5 to observation from http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Population Studies Taylor & Francis

Fertility Decline and Increased Manifestation of Sex Bias in India

Population Studies , Volume 51 (3): 9 – Nov 1, 1997
9 pages

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References (17)

Publisher
Taylor & Francis
Copyright
Copyright Taylor & Francis Group, LLC
ISSN
1477-4747
eISSN
0032-4728
DOI
10.1080/0032472031000150076
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Population Studies, 51, (1997), 307-315 Printed in Great Britain Fertility decline and increased manifestation of sex bias in India MONICA DAS GUPTA AND P. N. MARI BHAT be operating-a 'parity' effect which leads to a 1. INTRODUCTION reduction of sex bias, and an 'intensification effect' One consequence of fertility decline in East Asian which increases it. countries, such as South Korea and China, has The ' parity' effect is based on the observation been a steep rise in the sex ratio at birth. This from studies in South Asia that excess mortality of suggests that fertility decline in societies charac- girls was concentrated in higher parities (Das terized by strong son preference may be accom- Gupta 1987; Muhuri and Preston 1991 ; Pebley and panied by increased manifestation of sex bias as Amin 1991). Therefore, as fertility declines and the reflected in excess mortality of girls. Similar trends proportion of births of higher parity decreases, the may be found in India, especially its northern excess mortality of girls will also fall (Figure 1). region. Fertility in India has been falling: between The 'intensification' effect is based on the 1981 and 1991 Total Fertility declined from 4.5 to observation from

Journal

Population StudiesTaylor & Francis

Published: Nov 1, 1997

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