Res Chem Intermed (2017) 43:4531–4547 DOI 10.1007/s11164-017-2894-7 ZrO nano particle catalyzed multi-component synthesis of 3-benzylidene-1-phenylquinoline- 2,4(1H,3H)-diones and its antimicrobial activity 1 2 • • Santosh A. Jadhav Aniket P. Sarkate 3 4 Anil V. Raut D. B. Shinde Received: 23 November 2016 / Accepted: 2 February 2017 / Published online: 18 February 2017 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2017 Abstract Zirconium nanoparticles (ZrO NPs) used for the multi-component synthesis of 3-benzylidene-1-phenylquinoline-2,4(1H,3H)-dione derivatives were synthesized starting from easily available reactant molecule such as aryaldehyde 1, diphenyl amine 2, di-ethyl malonate 3 in water–ethanol as green solvent. The ZrO NPs gave better yield for the ﬁrst four cycles of reactions. The characterizations of the ZrO NPs were per- formed by using X-ray diffraction (XRD), infrared spectroscopy (IR), and ultraviolet– visible (UV–vis) absorption spectroscopy. The morphological property revealed the formation of nanoscale particles. They developed a greener path for the synthesis of quinolinone derivatives using ZrO NPs and water–ethanol as catalyst and solvent. The expected results reveal the catalytic activity, reaction time, and the reusability of cata- lyst. All the prepared compounds 4a–4j (Q1–Q11) were evaluated for their antibacterial and antifungal activity. The compounds Q1, Q2, Q3, Q5 Q6, Q7, and Q10 were
Research on Chemical Intermediates – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 18, 2017
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