Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 39, No. 4, 2003, p. 478. Translated from Genetika, Vol. 39, No. 4, 2003, pp. 583–584. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2003 by Korochkin. BOOK REVIEWS Zhimulev, I.F., General and Molecular Genetics, Novosibirsk: Novosib. Gos. Univ. Izd., 2002 In Russia, several textbooks on general genetics Note that Zhimulev clearly demonstrates the validity of (those by M.E. Lobashev, N.P. Dubinin, S.I. Alikhan- the law of noninheritance of acquired traits, which is yan, D.F. Petrov, and others) and molecular genetics one of the main genetic laws. Nowadays, some biolo- (those by V.A. Gvozdev and S.G. Inge-Vechtomov) gists are prone to confusion on this point and are trying have been published. All of them are excellently written to revive Lamarckian postulates that have long since and are still used by students. However, most of them been conclusively disproved. Unaware of the fact that appeared in the 1980s, that is, long ago. Since then, the problem of inheritance or noninheritance of genetics has accumulated a considerable amount of acquired traits only concerns the organisms that are new information, much of it fundamental. The time has divided into the somatic and germ lines, these biolo- come for a new textbook to describe and elucidate the gists ground their conclusions on the results of experi- latest advances in genetics. I.F. Zhimulev, Correspond- ments with bacteria or ptotozoans, which have nothing ing Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences, a to do with the problem in question. geneticist from Novosibirsk, has excellently fulﬁlled The second part of the textbook deals with the orga- this task. His book General and Molecular Genetics is nization of the genetic material and mechanisms of its based on the lectures Zhimulev read in the Novosibirsk functioning. Zhimulev present the latest data in this State University, where he expounded all recent ﬁeld. It is gratifying to read about the achievements of advances in molecular genetics and genetic engineering. Russian geneticists, including those who work at the laboratory headed by Zhimulev himself and are ahead It should also be noted that the textbook is excel- of their Western colleagues in many respects. lently edited and published. It has been printed on good paper, has color illustrations, and contains references to The third, and last, part of the textbook deals with the latest literature sources. The presentration of the special branches of genetics, including developmental material is up to the best foreign textbooks of genetics, genetics, genetics of behavior, and cytogenetics. The and the books gives its readers quite a comprehensive author pays special attention to molecular genetics, view of modern general and molecular genetics. which is fully justiﬁed, because it threads all branches of modern genetics and is an essential tool of biological The textbook is aptly and logically composed. The studies. Of special interest is a chapter which is neces- historical introduction is very appropriate and stands sary but whose subject is bashfully ignored by most out from many others in this respect. It is especially authors. This is the chapter The Genetic Control of the important that the merits of many Russian and Soviet Formation of Human Psychological Characteristics. scientists are acknowledged, because they are often for- I estimate this chapter as excellent. Zhimulev, despis- gotten in Western genetic literature, which successfully ing the absurd prejudices that were implanted by pro- “drives out” the antecedence of Russian geneticists in Marxist scientists, demonstrates the leading role of some areas. The “photo gallery” of the main “dramatic genetic factors in the formation of a person’s individu- personae” on the genetic “scene” is commendable. The ality and behavior. personalities of pioneers and discoverers always attract much interest, which is not typically satisﬁed by text- The circulation of the textbook is in only 2000 cop- books of the kind. ies, and a second edition will be necessary. In my opin- ion, it would be advisable, in the new edition, to supple- The author’s intention to emphasize the achieve- ment each chapter with a list of study questions and a ments of the Institute of Cytology and Genetics (Sibe- subject index. This would increase the retention of the rian Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Novosi- material. birsk), where he works, should be appreciated, the more The book may be recommended not only to under- so as this institute is one of the few research centers that and postgraduates, but also to all those who are working has remained capable of efﬁcient research in the coun- or planning to work in genetics. We congratulate the try degraded by “young reformers.” author on publishing this outstanding textbook. The ﬁrst part of the textbook deals with the princi- ples of classical (Mendelian) genetics, chromosomal theory of heredity, genetic analysis, and gene mapping. L. I. Korochkin 1022-7954/03/3904-0478$25.00 © 2003 MAIK ÒNauka / Interperiodica”
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 7, 2004
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