In this paper, we employed SAS PROC NLMIXED (Nonlinear mixed model procedure) to analyze three example data having inflated zeros. Examples used are data having covariates and no covariates. The covariates utilized in this article have binary outcomes to simplify our analysis. Of course the analysis can readily be extended to situations with several covariates having multiple levels. Models fitted include the Poisson (P), the negative binomial (NB), the generalized Poisson (GP), and their zero-inflated variants, namely the ZIP, the ZINB and the ZIGP models respectively. Parameter estimates as well as the appropriate goodness-of-fit statistic (the deviance D) in this case are computed and in some cases, the Pearson’s X 2 statistic, that is based on the variance of the relevant model distribution is also computed. Also obtained are the expected frequencies for the models and GOF tests are conducted based on the rule established by Lawal (Appl Stat 29:292–298, 1980). Our results extend previous results on the analysis of the chosen data in this example. Further, results obtained are very consistent with previous analyses on the data sets chosen for this article. We also present an hierarchical figure relating all the models employed in this paper. While we do not pretend that the results obtained are entirely new, however, the analyses give opportunities to researchers in the field the much needed means of implementing these models in SAS without having to resort to S-PLUS, R or Stata.
Quality & Quantity – Springer Journals
Published: Apr 3, 2010
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