Yurii Gertsovich Yurovitskii (1930–2002)

Yurii Gertsovich Yurovitskii (1930–2002) Russian Journal of Developmental Biology, Vol. 33, No. 5, 2002, pp. 326. Translated from Ontogenez, Vol. 33, No. 5, 2002, p. 398. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2002 by Ozernyuk. LOSSES OF SCIENCE On April 15, 2002, Yurii Gertsovich Yurovitskii lism at different stages of early development: during passed away. He was a well known scientist, specialist oocyte growth and maturation, fertilization, and various in the field of developmental biology, ecological bio- embryonic stages. The succession of carbohydrate chemistry, and ichthyology. Yurovitskii made a signifi- metabolism types discovered by Yurovitskii and Mil- cant contribution to the studies of biochemical and eco- man was one of si9gnificant achievements in biochem- logical problems of development. He was the author of ical embryology in the 1970s. more than 150 publications, including three mono- In 1973, the results of these studies were summa- graphs published in this country and abroad. rized in two monographs by Milman and Yurovitskii: Yu.G. Yurovitskii was born in Moscow on Decem- Mekhanizmy enzimaticheskoi regulyatsii uglevodnogo obmena v rannem embriogeneze (Mechanism of Enzy- ber 17, 1930. In 1948, he entered the Biological Fac- matic Regulation of Carbohydrate Metabolism during ulty, Moscow State University, where he studied at the Early Embryogenesis) (Moscow: Nauka, 1973) and Department of Ichthyology headed by the Correspond- Regulation of Glycolysis in the Early Development of ing Member of the USSR Academy of Sciences G.V. Nikol’skii. After graduation from the Moscow Fish Embryos (Basel: Karger, 1973). These mono- graphs presented a comprehensive analysis of the University in 1953, Yurovitskii entered the postgradu- mechanisms underlying the regulation of carbohydrate ate school at the Institute of Inland Waters, USSR metabolism at different developmental stages, based Academy of Sciences, in Borok, Yaroslaval’ District. In predominantly on the authors' results. 1958, he got his candidate degree (PhD) for the thesis Biologiya cintsa Rybinskogo vodokhranilishcha (Biol- In 1974, Yurovitskii got his doctoral degree for the ogy of the Blue Bream in the Rybinsk Water Reser- thesis Regulyatsiya uglevodnogo obmena v oogeneze voir), which he wrote under the supervision of ryb (Regulation of Carbohydrate Metabolism in Fish Prof. S.G. Kryzhanovskii. Oogenesis), which can be considered as a completion of one of the most significant period of his research All subsequent scientific activities of Yurovitskii was activity related to the analysis of biochemical mecha- related to the Severtsov Institute of Animal Morphology, nisms of development. USSR Academy of Sciences (since 1967—Kol’tsov Institute of Developmental Biology), where he came as During the last 15 years, the scientific interests of junior research worker in 1956. His work in the Kryzha- Yurovitskii were related to the problems of ecological novskii’s laboratory was dedicated to the analysis of eco- biochemistry, specifically principles of ecologobio- logical problems of fish development, specifically, influ- chemical monitoring. This work was carried out ence of oxygen conditions on embryogenesis. together with the well known biochemist and ecologist V.S. Sidorov, founder of the school of ecological bio- In 1961–1969, Yurovitskii headed the Kropotovo chemistry at the Institute of Biology, Karel Scientific Biological Station of the Institute, where he showed Center of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The results himself as an efficient leader and contributed a lot to the of these studies were widely known and supported by scientific and current activity of this unique station. specialists in the area of nature conservation. They were In 1963, Yurovitskii joined the newly formed Group summarized in the collective monograph Bezopasnost’ of Space Biology headed by A.A. Neyfakh and zhiznedeyatel’nosti (Safety of Life Activity) published A.I. Zotin, which was reorganized in 1965 in the Group in 2002. of Developmental Biophysics (A.I. Zotin) and Group of Yurovitskii paid a significant attention to teaching. Developmental Biochemistry (A.A. Neyfakh). In 1967, He was reading a course of lectures on problems of when the Institute of Developmental Biology was ecology at the Moscow Aviation-Technological Insti- formed from the Institute of Animal Morphology, the tute and International University “Dubna”. The process Group of Developmental Biophysics was reorganized of teaching always captivated him and he was very ear- in the Laboratory of Developmental Biophysics, where nest about it. Yurovitskii worked until the last days of his life. The death of Yurii Gertsovich Yurovitskii is a great For many years, Yurovitskii worked together with loss for our science, for the Kol’tsov Institute of Devel- Lev S. Milman. They carried out fundamental studies opmental Biology, for the Laboratory of Developmen- of the regulation of carbohydrate metabolism during tal Biophysics, and for his colleagues and friends. early development of fish, which were widely known not only in this country, but also abroad. They were the first to study specific features of carbohydrate metabo- N.D. Ozernyuk 1062-3604/02/3305-0326$27.00 © 2002 MAIK ÒNauka / Interperiodica” http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Developmental Biology Springer Journals

Yurii Gertsovich Yurovitskii (1930–2002)

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Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2002 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
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