Yu. P. Altukhov, Genetic Processes in Populations Moscow: Akademkniga, 2003

Yu. P. Altukhov, Genetic Processes in Populations Moscow: Akademkniga, 2003 Russian Journal of Genetics, Vol. 39, No. 12, 2003, p. 1467. Translated from Genetika, Vol. 39, No. 12, 2003, p. 1725. Original Russian Text Copyright © 2003 by Korochkin. BOOK REVIEWS Yu. P. Altukhov, Genetic Processes in Populations Moscow: Akademkniga, 2003 The book under review contains two notable fea- Thus, Altukhov rejects the traditional population- tures: (1) a detailed description of the current state of genetic approach to the explanation of evolutionary population genetics and its evolutionary implications events and subdivides the genome into two parts: a and (2) a summary of author’s long-term, fruitful stud- polymorphic part, which ensures population diversity, ies the in population genetics and evolutionary theory. and a monomorphic part, in which the mutational events that occur ensure genome reorganization and The first three chapters deal with the theoretical contribute to evolution. basis of population genetics and genetic processes in This theory is well substantiated by the vast factual natural populations. The material presented in them material collected by the author during his long-term will be valuable for those who study the molecular studies. basis of population genetics and its methods. The math- ematical systems used in population genetics and the Chapter 7, “The Population Genetic Aspects of the problem of genetic load are analyzed in detail. The Problem of Man and Biosphere,” is of special interest. author describes the effect of subdivision of a popula- In this chapter, Altukhov, first, uses the results of funda- tion on its genetic structure and develops the theory of mental studies to suggest recommendations extremely the adaptation norm. important for the national economy and, second, puts forward an interesting hypothesis on the role of genes In Chapter 4, the characteristic features and princi- in the regulation of life span and on the mechanism of ples of developing experimental model systems in pop- heterosis. ulation genetics are described. It is demonstrated that it is the experimental approach that helps researchers to In conclusion, Altukhov emphasizes that, if the discover consistent patterns of processes occurring in existence of the monomorphic part of the genome, populations. whose reorganizations are related to interspecific dif- ferences, is acknowledged, this will leave no room for Chapters 5 and 6 are actually the main sections of Darwinism as a theory of evolution (but not adapta- the book. They present the author’s credo, his views on tion!). Altukhov also notes that it is impossible to the essence of genetic processes that occur in existing equate the natural variability inherent to living matter populations and have occurred in them in the course of with the changes caused by transformative human evolution. The author’s views are original and revolu- activity. tionize our notions concerning this branch of life sci- In general, the monograph Genetic Processes in ence. He clearly demonstrates that there are no strictly Populations by Yu.P. Altukhov is an outstanding contri- directional microevolutionary processes in population bution to population and evolutionary genetics. The systems but only stabilizing mechanisms that prevent book is very useful as a handbook for geneticists and random gene functioning. biologists in general, as well as for undergraduate and Regarding macroevolutionary processes, the author postgraduate students who are planning to devote them- shares the views of Goldschmidt on the role of macro- selves to the study of genetics. mutations. Altukhov believes that it is necessary to pos- tulate a special state of the environment where a macro- mutation may be neutral or have a selective advantage. L.I. Korochkin 1022-7954/03/3912-1467$25.00 © 2003 MAIK ÒNauka / Interperiodica” http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Russian Journal of Genetics Springer Journals

Yu. P. Altukhov, Genetic Processes in Populations Moscow: Akademkniga, 2003

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Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers
Copyright © 2003 by MAIK “Nauka/Interperiodica”
Biomedicine; Human Genetics
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