Youth violence victims and perpetrators in Ontario: identifying a high-risk group and a focus for public health prevention

Youth violence victims and perpetrators in Ontario: identifying a high-risk group and a focus for... Objectives Bullying and violence are common experiences and pose significant lifelong burdens of disease for youth. This study identifies upstream determinants of youth violence and examines the shared characteristics of victims and perpetrators. Methods Multivariable multinomial logistic regression modeling analyzed a subsample of 5403 students who participated in the 2015 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey to estimate the likelihood that students with various risk profiles were victims and perpetrators. Results Risk factors associated with an increased likelihood of being both a victim and a perpetrator, compared to neither, included harmful alcohol use, potential problem drug use, psychological distress, traumatic brain injury, problem video game playing, fighting, and carrying a weapon in the past 12 months. Many risk factors were more strongly associated with both victimization and perpetration relative to reporting either alone. Conclusion This study demonstrates an association between risk factors of interest to public health for students reporting both victimization and perpetration. This group may warrant further targeted public health interventions to prevent violence alongside existing public health programs addressing other health risk behaviours. Résumé Objectifs L’intimidation et la violence sont des expériences courantes et constituent un lourd fardeau pour les jeunes, tout au long de http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Canadian Journal of Public Health Springer Journals

Youth violence victims and perpetrators in Ontario: identifying a high-risk group and a focus for public health prevention

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Crown
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Public Health
ISSN
0008-4263
eISSN
1920-7476
D.O.I.
10.17269/s41997-018-0061-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Objectives Bullying and violence are common experiences and pose significant lifelong burdens of disease for youth. This study identifies upstream determinants of youth violence and examines the shared characteristics of victims and perpetrators. Methods Multivariable multinomial logistic regression modeling analyzed a subsample of 5403 students who participated in the 2015 Ontario Student Drug Use and Health Survey to estimate the likelihood that students with various risk profiles were victims and perpetrators. Results Risk factors associated with an increased likelihood of being both a victim and a perpetrator, compared to neither, included harmful alcohol use, potential problem drug use, psychological distress, traumatic brain injury, problem video game playing, fighting, and carrying a weapon in the past 12 months. Many risk factors were more strongly associated with both victimization and perpetration relative to reporting either alone. Conclusion This study demonstrates an association between risk factors of interest to public health for students reporting both victimization and perpetration. This group may warrant further targeted public health interventions to prevent violence alongside existing public health programs addressing other health risk behaviours. Résumé Objectifs L’intimidation et la violence sont des expériences courantes et constituent un lourd fardeau pour les jeunes, tout au long de

Journal

Canadian Journal of Public HealthSpringer Journals

Published: Apr 23, 2018

References

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