Youth Cognitive-Behavioral Depression Prevention: Testing Theory in a Randomized Controlled Trial

Youth Cognitive-Behavioral Depression Prevention: Testing Theory in a Randomized Controlled Trial This study tested the plausibility of a theoretical model of change for the Penn Resiliency Program (PRP), a cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program for adolescents. Middle school students (N = 697) were randomized to PRP, an assessment-only control condition (CON), or a placebo-control condition (PLA). Explanatory style and depressive symptoms were evaluated over 24 months of follow-up. Relative to both CON and PLA, there were significant indirect effects of PRP on 12-month levels of depressive symptoms through improvements in explanatory style in two of three participating schools. Within a third school, where PRP was not effective in targeting depressive symptoms (Gillham et al. in J Consult Clin Psychol 75(1):9–19, 2007), there was no evidence of group differences in growth in explanatory style or indirect effects. When effective, PRP’s CB training provides incremental value over non-specific components and there are indirect effects on depressive symptoms through improvements in explanatory style. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Cognitive Therapy and Research Springer Journals

Youth Cognitive-Behavioral Depression Prevention: Testing Theory in a Randomized Controlled Trial

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Quality of Life Research; Clinical Psychology; Cognitive Psychology
ISSN
0147-5916
eISSN
1573-2819
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10608-018-9897-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

This study tested the plausibility of a theoretical model of change for the Penn Resiliency Program (PRP), a cognitive-behavioral (CB) depression prevention program for adolescents. Middle school students (N = 697) were randomized to PRP, an assessment-only control condition (CON), or a placebo-control condition (PLA). Explanatory style and depressive symptoms were evaluated over 24 months of follow-up. Relative to both CON and PLA, there were significant indirect effects of PRP on 12-month levels of depressive symptoms through improvements in explanatory style in two of three participating schools. Within a third school, where PRP was not effective in targeting depressive symptoms (Gillham et al. in J Consult Clin Psychol 75(1):9–19, 2007), there was no evidence of group differences in growth in explanatory style or indirect effects. When effective, PRP’s CB training provides incremental value over non-specific components and there are indirect effects on depressive symptoms through improvements in explanatory style.

Journal

Cognitive Therapy and ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Feb 21, 2018

References

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