Worldwide sampling reveals low genetic variability in populations of the freshwater ciliate Paramecium biaurelia (P. aurelia species complex, Ciliophora, Protozoa)

Worldwide sampling reveals low genetic variability in populations of the freshwater ciliate... Species (or cryptic species) identification in microbial eukaryotes often requires a combined morphological and molecular approach, and if possible, mating reaction tests that confirm, for example, that distant populations are in fact one species. We used P. biaurelia (one of the 15 cryptic species of the P. aurelia complex) collected worldwide from 92 sampling points over 62 years and analyzed with the three above mentioned approaches as a model for testing protistan biogeography hypotheses. Our results indicated that despite the large distance between them, most of the studied populations of P. biaurelia do not differ from each other (rDNA fragment), or differ only slightly (COI mtDNA fragment). These results could suggest that in the past, the predecessors of the present P. biaurelia population experienced a bottleneck event, and that its current distribution is the result of recent dispersal by natural or anthropogenic factors. Another possible explanation for the low level of genetic diversity despite the huge distances between the collecting sites could be a slow rate of mutation of the studied DNA fragments, as has been found in some other species of the P. aurelia complex. COI haplotypes determined from samples obtained during field research conducted in 2015–2016 in 28 locations/374 sampling points in southern Poland were shared with other, often distant P. biaurelia populations. In the Kraków area, we found 5 of the 11 currently known COI P. biaurelia haplotypes. In 5 of 7 reservoirs from which P. biaurelia was obtained, two different COI haplotypes were identified. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Organisms Diversity & Evolution Springer Journals

Worldwide sampling reveals low genetic variability in populations of the freshwater ciliate Paramecium biaurelia (P. aurelia species complex, Ciliophora, Protozoa)

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Author(s)
Subject
Life Sciences; Biodiversity; Evolutionary Biology; Developmental Biology; Animal Systematics/Taxonomy/Biogeography; Plant Systematics/Taxonomy/Biogeography
ISSN
1439-6092
eISSN
1618-1077
D.O.I.
10.1007/s13127-017-0357-z
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Species (or cryptic species) identification in microbial eukaryotes often requires a combined morphological and molecular approach, and if possible, mating reaction tests that confirm, for example, that distant populations are in fact one species. We used P. biaurelia (one of the 15 cryptic species of the P. aurelia complex) collected worldwide from 92 sampling points over 62 years and analyzed with the three above mentioned approaches as a model for testing protistan biogeography hypotheses. Our results indicated that despite the large distance between them, most of the studied populations of P. biaurelia do not differ from each other (rDNA fragment), or differ only slightly (COI mtDNA fragment). These results could suggest that in the past, the predecessors of the present P. biaurelia population experienced a bottleneck event, and that its current distribution is the result of recent dispersal by natural or anthropogenic factors. Another possible explanation for the low level of genetic diversity despite the huge distances between the collecting sites could be a slow rate of mutation of the studied DNA fragments, as has been found in some other species of the P. aurelia complex. COI haplotypes determined from samples obtained during field research conducted in 2015–2016 in 28 locations/374 sampling points in southern Poland were shared with other, often distant P. biaurelia populations. In the Kraków area, we found 5 of the 11 currently known COI P. biaurelia haplotypes. In 5 of 7 reservoirs from which P. biaurelia was obtained, two different COI haplotypes were identified.

Journal

Organisms Diversity & EvolutionSpringer Journals

Published: Jan 11, 2018

References

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