Letters x and y alternate in a word w if after deleting all letters but x and y in w we get either a word xyxy... or a word yxyx... (each of these words can be of odd or even length). A graph G = (V,E) is word-representable if there is a finite word w over an alphabet V such that the letters x and y alternate in w if and only if xy ∈ E. The word-representable graphs include many important graph classes, in particular, circle graphs, 3-colorable graphs and comparability graphs. In this paper we present the full survey of the available results on the theory of word-representable graphs and the most recent achievements in this field.
Journal of Applied and Industrial Mathematics – Springer Journals
Published: May 29, 2018
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