Word graphs size impact on the performance of handwriting document applications

Word graphs size impact on the performance of handwriting document applications Two document processing applications are considered: computer-assisted transcription of text images (CATTI) and Keyword Spotting (KWS), for transcribing and indexing handwritten documents, respectively. Instead of working directly on the handwriting images, both of them employ meta-data structures called word graphs (WG), which are obtained using segmentation-free handwritten text recognition technology based on N-gram language models and hidden Markov models. A WG contains most of the relevant information of the original text (line) image required by CATTI and KWS but, if it is too large, the computational cost of generating and using it can become unafordable. Conversely, if it is too small, relevant information may be lost, leading to a reduction of CATTI or KWS performance. We study the trade-off between WG size and performance in terms of effectiveness and efficiency of CATTI and KWS. Results show that small, computationally cheap WGs can be used without loosing the excellent CATTI and KWS performance achieved with huge WGs. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Neural Computing and Applications Springer Journals

Word graphs size impact on the performance of handwriting document applications

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Publisher
Springer London
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 by The Natural Computing Applications Forum
Subject
Computer Science; Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics); Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery; Probability and Statistics in Computer Science; Computational Science and Engineering; Image Processing and Computer Vision; Computational Biology/Bioinformatics
ISSN
0941-0643
eISSN
1433-3058
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00521-016-2336-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Two document processing applications are considered: computer-assisted transcription of text images (CATTI) and Keyword Spotting (KWS), for transcribing and indexing handwritten documents, respectively. Instead of working directly on the handwriting images, both of them employ meta-data structures called word graphs (WG), which are obtained using segmentation-free handwritten text recognition technology based on N-gram language models and hidden Markov models. A WG contains most of the relevant information of the original text (line) image required by CATTI and KWS but, if it is too large, the computational cost of generating and using it can become unafordable. Conversely, if it is too small, relevant information may be lost, leading to a reduction of CATTI or KWS performance. We study the trade-off between WG size and performance in terms of effectiveness and efficiency of CATTI and KWS. Results show that small, computationally cheap WGs can be used without loosing the excellent CATTI and KWS performance achieved with huge WGs.

Journal

Neural Computing and ApplicationsSpringer Journals

Published: May 17, 2016

References

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