Physiological and biochemical features of woody plants (Pinus sylvestris L. and Betula platyphylla Sukacz.) during transition from vegetative to frost-resistant state under conditions of extremely severe climate of Yakutia were studied. In P. sylvestris such transition was accompanied by a decrease in the content of chlorophylls long before first frosts and by an increase in the proportion of Xanth and simultaneous decrease in the content of β-carotene in needles during the first and second phases of hardening. In the period of preparation to dormancy, overwintering organs of both P. sylvestris (needles) and B. platyphylla (buds) accumulated the two groups of major dehydrins, with low mol wts of 15–21 kD and middle mol wts of 66–141 kD. Simultaneously, low temperature led to a great increase in the content of polyunsaturated fatty acids (FAs) in lipids of P. sylvestris needles and B. platyphylla buds, primarily linoleic acid and also eicosenoic FAs differing in the extent of desaturation. Observed qualitative and quantitative changes in pigments, total proteins, dehydrins, and FAs during autumn hardening of P. sylvestris and B. platyphylla plants presume their important role in the development of resistance of these tree species to low-temperature stress (down to −60°C) in the cryolithic zone of Yakutia.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 12, 2011
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