Women in Kenya willing to pay towards costs of HIV test kits

Women in Kenya willing to pay towards costs of HIV test kits PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News 804, p37 - 2 Jun 2018 Women in Kenya willing to pay towards costs of HIV test kits Women in Kenya appear to be willing to pay towards costs of HIV self-test kits, according to findings of a survey, published in JAIDS. In a clinical trial, women attending antenatal and postpartum clinics in Kisumu, Kenya, between June 2015 and January 2016 were randomised to receive two free HIV self-test kits (OraQuick Rapid HIV-1/2 antibody tests), or to receive invitations for their male partner to undergo clinic-based HIV testing. In a follow-up survey at 3 months, they were asked whether their partner had undergone an HIV test, whether they were tested together, whether they would be willing to pay for HIV self-test kits, and how much they would be willing to pay. Most (284) of the 297 women randomised to free self-test kits completed the survey. Overall, 88% of women reported that they would be willing to pay for self-test kits. The median willingness- to-pay (WTP) amount was $1 (100 Kenyan shillings). All women who believed they had a high chance of acquiring HIV were willing to pay for a self-test. However, 16% of women who reported that they had a low chance or no chance of acquiring HIV reported no WTP. Regression analysis showed that HIV testing within the previous 12 months significantly reduced the WTP amount (p=0.001). "This suggests that self-test kits need not be fully subsidized to achieve reasonable levels of uptake. At the same time, participants’ WTP amounts indicated that demand will decline substantially if prices exceed US $1 . . . These findings could be relevant as the market for HIV self-tests takes shape, with donor agencies and governments making decisions on how much to subsidize the prices for these diagnostic products," said the authors. * 2016 US dollars Thirumurthy H, et al. Willingness to Pay for HIV Self-Tests Among Women in Kenya: Implications for Subsidy and Pricing Policies. JAIDS 78: e8-e11, No. 2, Jun 2018. Available from: URL: http://doi.org/10.1097/ QAI.0000000000001659 803322889 1173-5503/18/0804-0001/$14.95 Adis © 2018 Springer International Publishing AG. All rights reserved PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News 2 Jun 2018 No. 804 http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News Springer Journals

Women in Kenya willing to pay towards costs of HIV test kits

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Pharmacoeconomics and Health Outcomes; Quality of Life Research; Health Economics; Public Health
ISSN
1173-5503
eISSN
1179-2043
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40274-018-5001-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News 804, p37 - 2 Jun 2018 Women in Kenya willing to pay towards costs of HIV test kits Women in Kenya appear to be willing to pay towards costs of HIV self-test kits, according to findings of a survey, published in JAIDS. In a clinical trial, women attending antenatal and postpartum clinics in Kisumu, Kenya, between June 2015 and January 2016 were randomised to receive two free HIV self-test kits (OraQuick Rapid HIV-1/2 antibody tests), or to receive invitations for their male partner to undergo clinic-based HIV testing. In a follow-up survey at 3 months, they were asked whether their partner had undergone an HIV test, whether they were tested together, whether they would be willing to pay for HIV self-test kits, and how much they would be willing to pay. Most (284) of the 297 women randomised to free self-test kits completed the survey. Overall, 88% of women reported that they would be willing to pay for self-test kits. The median willingness- to-pay (WTP) amount was $1 (100 Kenyan shillings). All women who believed they had a high chance of acquiring HIV were willing to pay for a self-test. However, 16% of women who reported that they had a low chance or no chance of acquiring HIV reported no WTP. Regression analysis showed that HIV testing within the previous 12 months significantly reduced the WTP amount (p=0.001). "This suggests that self-test kits need not be fully subsidized to achieve reasonable levels of uptake. At the same time, participants’ WTP amounts indicated that demand will decline substantially if prices exceed US $1 . . . These findings could be relevant as the market for HIV self-tests takes shape, with donor agencies and governments making decisions on how much to subsidize the prices for these diagnostic products," said the authors. * 2016 US dollars Thirumurthy H, et al. Willingness to Pay for HIV Self-Tests Among Women in Kenya: Implications for Subsidy and Pricing Policies. JAIDS 78: e8-e11, No. 2, Jun 2018. Available from: URL: http://doi.org/10.1097/ QAI.0000000000001659 803322889 1173-5503/18/0804-0001/$14.95 Adis © 2018 Springer International Publishing AG. All rights reserved PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes News 2 Jun 2018 No. 804

Journal

PharmacoEconomics & Outcomes NewsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 2, 2018

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