Most monocotyledons like cereals accumulate antifreeze proteins in the apoplast during cold acclimation, but it is still uncertain whether dicotyledons do. Here we report the isolation and characterisation of a 33-kD apoplastic chitinase extracted from the corolla of wintersweet (Chinmonanthus praecox communis L.), which was purified using successive column chromatography on Phenyl-Sepharose, DEAE-Sepharose, and CM-Sepharose. Antifreezing activity of chitinase was confirmed in terms of the formation of bipyramidal ice crystals and high thermal-hysteresis values. Interestingly, chitinase was also found to affect germination of fungal spores of four major plant pathogens. From these data, we hypothesize that, under natural conditions, wintersweet as one of the overwintering dicotyledons also accumulates apoplastic antifreeze proteins like monocotyledons. To our knowledge, this is the first report on the isolation of dicotyledon apoplastic chitinase with high-level antifreeze and antifungal activities.
Russian Journal of Plant Physiology – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 2, 2010
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