Curr Forestry Rep (2017) 3:188–201 DOI 10.1007/s40725-017-0062-3 FIRE SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT (M ALEXANDER, SECTION EDITOR) Wildland Fire: Understanding and Maintaining an Ecological Baseline Lee E. Frelich Published online: 25 May 2017 Springer International Publishing AG 2017 Abstract centuries, fires in large wilderness areas maintain a balance Purpose of Review The goal was to synthesize the literature among successional stages, and although early and late- on wildland fires, how they create resilient landscape mosaics successional stages are rarely absent, their occurrences change that affect ecosystem function and maintenance of biodiversi- in space and time, possibly leading to metapopulation dynam- ty, and how the fires themselves are affected by wilderness ics for species that depend on certain successional stages. edge effects and climate change. The emphasis is on cold- Over thousands of years, fires influence the trajectory of eco- temperate and boreal forests. system retrogression, and in cold climates, fires can prevent Recent Findings The interactions of fires with landforms cre- ecosystem acidification that reduces forest productivity. Fire ate large-magnitude spatial and temporal heterogeneity in fire regimes within large wildlands are subject to change caused severity that cannot be seen in smaller natural areas. Patterns by fragmentation effects at large spatial
Current Forestry Reports – Springer Journals
Published: May 25, 2017
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