Based on the newest frequency allocation for the fifth generation (5G) radio systems at 26 GHz millimeter wave band by the World Radio Communications Conference, this paper investigates the wideband channel properties by measurements carried out in the LOS and NLOS environments at 26 GHz with 1 GHz bandwidth in an open office at KeySight Beijing, China, which is a representative of an indoor hotspot scenario. In the time domain measurements, an omni-directional biconical horn is used at the transmitter, while at the receiver a 24.3 dBi horn is applied and rotated with 5° angular step in the whole azimuth plane, and from −20° to 30° in the elevation plane with 10° angular step. In the work, two kinds of path-loss models are developed, namely directional and omni-directional models by using close-in and float intercept methods. The directional path-loss model is useful for adopting beamforming techniques. The large scale channel parameters such as the shadow fading, root mean square (RMS) delay spread, RMS angular spread in the azimuth and elevation planes, Ricean K-factor, number of clusters and their correlations are investigated for the fifth generation (5G) link and system level simulations. A new method for extracting number of clusters is proposed to find the peak power within a sliding window. The power angular profiles are employed at the measurement locations for propagation mechanisms studies. We believe that the newest results in this work are useful in the simulations and planning for future 5G radio systems at 26 GHz.
Wireless Personal Communications – Springer Journals
Published: Aug 11, 2017
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