Quality & Quantity (2005) 39:559–579 © Springer 2005 DOI 10.1007/s11135-005-1467-9 Who Perceives the Collective Past and How? Are Refusals on Open-ended Questions Substantial Answers? H.-A. HEINRICH Department of Political Syst. and Political Sociology, University of Stuttgart; Breitscheidstr. 2, D-70174 Stuttgart, Germany, E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Many textbooks dealing with empirical social science or survey research give only a brief overview concerning the use of open-ended questions. Usually, the authors remark some advantages of the format and contrast it with the closed-ended one. It is said that open-ended questions serve the exploration of current changes in attitudes as well as the discovery of frames of reference unknown to the researcher, the test of knowledge levels, or the examination of thought processes as well as linguistic usage (Bab- bie, 1973: 127; Bailey, 1978: 106f.; May, 1993: 95; Diekmann, 1995: 409). Despite its acknowledged usefulness, this question type is seldom applied (Kromrey, 1980: 352; Caplovitz, 1983: 119). Unwillingness of scholars to work with this measurement instrument may be put down to the fact that the closed format has several advantages especially with regard to costs and time (Converse, 1984: 270; Fowler, 1995: 178; Schnell et al., 1999: 395). Furthermore, the validity of open-ended questions
Quality & Quantity – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 1, 2005
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud