When is a Compositional Effect not a Compositional Effect?

When is a Compositional Effect not a Compositional Effect? The question of compositional effects (that is, the effect of collective properties of a pupil body on the individual members), or Aggregated Group-Level Effects (AGLEs) as the author prefers to call them, has been the subject of considerable controversy. Some authors, e.g. Rutter et al. [Fifteen thousand hours: Secondary Schools and Their Effects on Children. London: Open Books.], Willms [Oxford Review of Education 11(1): 33–41; (1986). American Sociological Review, 51, 224–241.], Bondi [British Educational Research Journal, 17(3), 203-218.], have claimed to find such effects, while on the other hand Mortimore et al. [School Matters: the Junior Years. Wells: Open Books.] and Thomas and Mortimore [Oxford Review of Education 16(2): 137–158.] did not. Others, for example Hauser [1970], have implied that many apparent AGLEs may be spurious, while Gray et al. [Review of Research in Education, 8, 158–193.] have suggested that at least in certain circumstances such apparent effects may arise as a result of inadequate allowance for pre-existing differences. A possible statistical mechanism for this is outlined in the work of Burstein [In R. Dreeben, & J. A. Thomas (Eds.), The Analysis of Educational Productivity. Volume 1: Issues in Microanalysis, Cambridge, MASS: Ballinger, pp. 119–190] on the effect of aggregating the data when a variable is omitted from the model used. This paper suggests another way in which spurious AGLEs can arise. It shows mathematically that even if there are no omitted variables, measurement error in an explanatory variable could give rise to apparent, but spurious, AGLEs, when analysed using a multilevel modelling procedure. Using simulation methods, it investigates what the practical effects of this are likely to be, and shows that statistically significant spurious effects occur systematically under fairly standard conditions. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quality & Quantity Springer Journals

When is a Compositional Effect not a Compositional Effect?

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/when-is-a-compositional-effect-not-a-compositional-effect-STcGaH5jt5
Publisher
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright
Copyright © 2007 by Springer Science + Business Media B.V.
Subject
Social Sciences; Methodology of the Social Sciences; Social Sciences, general
ISSN
0033-5177
eISSN
1573-7845
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11135-007-9094-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The question of compositional effects (that is, the effect of collective properties of a pupil body on the individual members), or Aggregated Group-Level Effects (AGLEs) as the author prefers to call them, has been the subject of considerable controversy. Some authors, e.g. Rutter et al. [Fifteen thousand hours: Secondary Schools and Their Effects on Children. London: Open Books.], Willms [Oxford Review of Education 11(1): 33–41; (1986). American Sociological Review, 51, 224–241.], Bondi [British Educational Research Journal, 17(3), 203-218.], have claimed to find such effects, while on the other hand Mortimore et al. [School Matters: the Junior Years. Wells: Open Books.] and Thomas and Mortimore [Oxford Review of Education 16(2): 137–158.] did not. Others, for example Hauser [1970], have implied that many apparent AGLEs may be spurious, while Gray et al. [Review of Research in Education, 8, 158–193.] have suggested that at least in certain circumstances such apparent effects may arise as a result of inadequate allowance for pre-existing differences. A possible statistical mechanism for this is outlined in the work of Burstein [In R. Dreeben, & J. A. Thomas (Eds.), The Analysis of Educational Productivity. Volume 1: Issues in Microanalysis, Cambridge, MASS: Ballinger, pp. 119–190] on the effect of aggregating the data when a variable is omitted from the model used. This paper suggests another way in which spurious AGLEs can arise. It shows mathematically that even if there are no omitted variables, measurement error in an explanatory variable could give rise to apparent, but spurious, AGLEs, when analysed using a multilevel modelling procedure. Using simulation methods, it investigates what the practical effects of this are likely to be, and shows that statistically significant spurious effects occur systematically under fairly standard conditions.

Journal

Quality & QuantitySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 13, 2007

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off