The formal processes of alpha-taxonomy ensure that species have uniquenames and can be identified. No similar process is mandatory forinfraspecific variation, so the species is a uniquely importantpractical term. At present, there is little agreement of the definitionof a species. In the last 30 years, numerous concepts have beenproposed. The nature of fish species is reviewed. Clonal inheritance ofnuclear genes occurs in several lineages. Hybridization is frequent,often leading to introgression, which may lead to extinction of species.Species may have hybrid origins. There is good evidence for parallelspeciation in similar habitats. There are clearly exceptions to thecladistic assumption of dichotomous branching during speciation. Siblingspecies may exist with no discernible niche differentiation.
Reviews in Fish Biology and Fisheries – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 15, 2004
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