A series of experiments of high-power fiber laser-arc hybrid welding of pure copper was carried out. It could be seen that the microstructure of weld metal was obviously coarsened, and the columnar grain spacing at fusion zone and the massive grain size at heat-affected zone were both linearly increased with the increase of heat input. The weld conductivity decreased with the increase of heat input because the widening weld increased the microstructure nonuniformity of test samples. The heat input as well as welding parameter has no obvious effect on the ultimate tensile strength (UTS) of cross-weld but has obvious effect on the elongation. The UTS of all the welds was 200 MPa or so. The elongation was bigger than 20% when the heat input was in the optimization range from 250 to 380 J/cm. The decrease of the elongation was attributed to either high porosity at insufficient heat input or coarser grain at excessive heat input.
The International Journal of Advanced Manufacturing Technology – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 28, 2017
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