Weak social networks and restless sleep interrelate through depressed mood among elderly

Weak social networks and restless sleep interrelate through depressed mood among elderly Purpose Sleep disturbance is common in late life. While social interaction is a basic human concern, few studies have explored the linkage between interpersonal relationships and sleep disturbance. The present study examines the reciprocal associations between weak social networks outside the household and sleep disturbance in elderly, as well as the underlying mechanisms. Methods We utilized data from a nationally representative longitudinal survey of community-dwelling elderly in Singapore (n = 1417; ≥ 60 years). Participants were assessed three times over 6 years (2009, 2011, 2015). Measures included strength of social networks outside the household, restless sleep (sleep disturbance), and the mediating variables of depressed mood, chronic diseases, and cognitive impairment. A cross-lagged mediation analysis was conducted. Results Bootstrapping results showed that weaker social networks were related to more restless sleep via more depressed mood. Also, restless sleep was negatively associated with social networks through depressed mood. The other mediators examined were not significant. Conclusions Weak social networks and restless sleep reciprocally influence each other through depressed mood. Recogni- tion of this interplay can inform efforts in improving elderly’s sleep quality, social networks, and psychological well-being. Keywords Restless sleep · Social networks · Depressed mood · Reciprocal associations · Older adults Introduction [6], data on the http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Quality of Life Research Springer Journals

Weak social networks and restless sleep interrelate through depressed mood among elderly

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Publisher
Springer International Publishing
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer International Publishing AG, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Quality of Life Research; Sociology, general; Public Health; Quality of Life Research
ISSN
0962-9343
eISSN
1573-2649
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11136-018-1895-3
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Purpose Sleep disturbance is common in late life. While social interaction is a basic human concern, few studies have explored the linkage between interpersonal relationships and sleep disturbance. The present study examines the reciprocal associations between weak social networks outside the household and sleep disturbance in elderly, as well as the underlying mechanisms. Methods We utilized data from a nationally representative longitudinal survey of community-dwelling elderly in Singapore (n = 1417; ≥ 60 years). Participants were assessed three times over 6 years (2009, 2011, 2015). Measures included strength of social networks outside the household, restless sleep (sleep disturbance), and the mediating variables of depressed mood, chronic diseases, and cognitive impairment. A cross-lagged mediation analysis was conducted. Results Bootstrapping results showed that weaker social networks were related to more restless sleep via more depressed mood. Also, restless sleep was negatively associated with social networks through depressed mood. The other mediators examined were not significant. Conclusions Weak social networks and restless sleep reciprocally influence each other through depressed mood. Recogni- tion of this interplay can inform efforts in improving elderly’s sleep quality, social networks, and psychological well-being. Keywords Restless sleep · Social networks · Depressed mood · Reciprocal associations · Older adults Introduction [6], data on the

Journal

Quality of Life ResearchSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 4, 2018

References

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