Wax Removal and Diamondback Moth Performance in Collards Cultivars

Wax Removal and Diamondback Moth Performance in Collards Cultivars The diamondback moth Plutella xylostella (Linnaeus, 1758) (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) is an herbivorous specialist on Brassicaceae species. Brassicas spp. plants developed a range of defenses (chemical, physical, and morphological) to prevent herbivores attack. In this study, we reported the antixenotic and antibiotic effects of outermost layer of two species of epicuticular wax of Brassicaceae, Brassica oleracea L. var. “Santo Antônio,” and Hybrid Kope F1 100MX, on larvae and adult of P. xylostella. In the choice experiment, P. xylostella adults showed an oviposition preference for collard cultivars Santo Antônio (control) and Hybrid Kope F1 100MX with wax removal. In the no-choice experiment, oviposition was 6.4 times higher in the Hybrid Kope F1 100MX with wax removal than without wax removal. There were significant differences among larvae feeding on leaf disks of Hybrid Kope F1 100MX in the treatments with (65.3 mg) and without wax removal (23.5 mg). The net reproduction rate (R 0 ), and intrinsic (rm) and finite rates of increase (λ) of P. xylostella in the cv. Santo Antônio were bigger in the treatment without wax removal (R 0  = 50.4, rm = 0.23 and λ = 1.26) than treatment with wax removal (R 0  = 28.5, rm = 0.20 and λ = 1.22). However, only the R 0 value was affected by mechanical wax removal in the Hybrid Kope F1 100MX (with wax removal R 0  = 43.3 and without wax removal R 0  = 30.8). In conclusion, the results indicate that collard’s wax is important to accessibility and development of P. xylostella, and its removal changes the resistance of collard’s varieties to P. xylostella. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Neotropical Entomology Springer Journals

Wax Removal and Diamondback Moth Performance in Collards Cultivars

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Springer US
Copyright © 2017 by Sociedade Entomológica do Brasil
Life Sciences; Entomology; Agriculture; Life Sciences, general
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