Objective Aneurysm wall enhancement (AWE) on MRI has been considered an imaging marker to indicate active aneurysm inflammation, but no prospective studies have assessed the ability of AWE to predict rupture risk or growth. We aim to study the association of AWE with traditional risk factors and the estimated rupture risk. Methods Seventy-seven patients (mean age, 58.4 ± 10.8 years; 57% female) with 88 asymptomatic intracranial saccular aneurysms underwent both 3-T high-resolution MRI and three-dimensional (3D) rotational digital subtraction angiography (DSA). Geometric and morphologic parameters were measured on DSA, and the degree of AWE on MRI was graded. One- and 5-year rupture risks of aneurysms were estimated using the UCAS and PHASES calculator. Parameters associated with AWE were analyzed using uni- and multivariate logistic regression. Results Non-internal carotid artery location (OR 3.4, 95% CI 1.6-7.1) and aneurysm size (OR 1.9, 95% CI 1.3-2.7) were independently associated with AWE (p < 0.05). Aneurysms with AWE had significantly higher estimated rupture risk (1 and 5 year, 1.9% and 5.8%) than aneurysms without AWE (0.5% and 2.1%) (p < 0.001). Stronger and larger areas of AWE were correlated with the aneurysm size, size ratio and estimated rupture risk (R ≥ 0.30) (p
European Radiology – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 5, 2018
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