Wall-climbing robot for non-destructive evaluation using impact-echo and metric learning SVM

Wall-climbing robot for non-destructive evaluation using impact-echo and metric learning SVM The impact-echo (IE) acoustic inspection method is a non-destructive evaluation technique, which has been widely applied to detect the defects, structural deterioration level, and thickness of plate-like concrete structures. This paper presents a novel climbing robot, namely Rise-Rover, to perform automated IE signal collection from concrete structures with IE signal analyzing based on machine learning techniques. Rise-Rover is our new generation robot, and it has a novel and enhanced absorption system to support heavy load, and crawler-like suction cups to maintain high mobility performance while crossing small grooves. Moreover, the design enables a seamless transition between ground and wall. This paper applies the fast Fourier transform and wavelet transform for feature detection from collected IE signals. A distance metric learning based support vector machine approach is newly proposed to automatically classify the IE signals. With the visual-inertial odometry of the robot, the detected flaws of inspection area on the concrete plates are visualized in 2D/3D. Field tests on a concrete bridge deck demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed robot system in automatic health condition assessment for concrete structures. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png International Journal of Intelligent Robotics and Applications Springer Journals

Wall-climbing robot for non-destructive evaluation using impact-echo and metric learning SVM

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Publisher
Springer Singapore
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Nature Singapore Pte Ltd.
Subject
Computer Science; Artificial Intelligence (incl. Robotics); Control, Robotics, Mechatronics; User Interfaces and Human Computer Interaction; Manufacturing, Machines, Tools; Electronics and Microelectronics, Instrumentation
ISSN
2366-5971
eISSN
2366-598X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s41315-017-0028-4
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The impact-echo (IE) acoustic inspection method is a non-destructive evaluation technique, which has been widely applied to detect the defects, structural deterioration level, and thickness of plate-like concrete structures. This paper presents a novel climbing robot, namely Rise-Rover, to perform automated IE signal collection from concrete structures with IE signal analyzing based on machine learning techniques. Rise-Rover is our new generation robot, and it has a novel and enhanced absorption system to support heavy load, and crawler-like suction cups to maintain high mobility performance while crossing small grooves. Moreover, the design enables a seamless transition between ground and wall. This paper applies the fast Fourier transform and wavelet transform for feature detection from collected IE signals. A distance metric learning based support vector machine approach is newly proposed to automatically classify the IE signals. With the visual-inertial odometry of the robot, the detected flaws of inspection area on the concrete plates are visualized in 2D/3D. Field tests on a concrete bridge deck demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed robot system in automatic health condition assessment for concrete structures.

Journal

International Journal of Intelligent Robotics and ApplicationsSpringer Journals

Published: Jul 31, 2017

References

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