Waist-to-height ratio, body mass index, and cardiovascular risk profile in children with chronic kidney disease

Waist-to-height ratio, body mass index, and cardiovascular risk profile in children with chronic... Background Cardiovascular (CV) risk is high in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and further compounded in those who are overweight. Children with CKD have a unique body habitus not accurately assessed by body mass index (BMI). Waist-to- height ratio (WHr), a better predictor of CV risk in populations with short stature, has not been investigated in children with CKD. Methods Analysis of 1723 visits of 593 participants enrolled in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) study was conducted. CKiD participants had BMI and WHr measured and classified as follows: (1) lean (WHr ≤ 0.49, BMI < 85th percen- tile); (2) WHr-overweight (WHr > 0.49, BMI < 85th percentile); (3) BMI-overweight (WHr ≤ 0.49, BMI ≥ 85th percentile); or (4) overweight by both BMI and WHr. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI), fasting lipids, fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), blood pressure, and glucose were measured as markers of CV risk. Linear mixed-effects regression was used to evaluate differences in CV markers between overweight and lean groups. Results Participants were 12.2 years old, 60% male, and 17% African-American. Approximately 15% were overweight by WHr but not by BMI. Overweight status by WHr-only or both WHr and BMI was associated with http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Pediatric Nephrology Springer Journals

Waist-to-height ratio, body mass index, and cardiovascular risk profile in children with chronic kidney disease

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/waist-to-height-ratio-body-mass-index-and-cardiovascular-risk-profile-iTe0rA00Wx
Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by IPNA
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Pediatrics; Nephrology; Urology
ISSN
0931-041X
eISSN
1432-198X
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00467-018-3987-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Background Cardiovascular (CV) risk is high in children with chronic kidney disease (CKD), and further compounded in those who are overweight. Children with CKD have a unique body habitus not accurately assessed by body mass index (BMI). Waist-to- height ratio (WHr), a better predictor of CV risk in populations with short stature, has not been investigated in children with CKD. Methods Analysis of 1723 visits of 593 participants enrolled in the Chronic Kidney Disease in Children (CKiD) study was conducted. CKiD participants had BMI and WHr measured and classified as follows: (1) lean (WHr ≤ 0.49, BMI < 85th percen- tile); (2) WHr-overweight (WHr > 0.49, BMI < 85th percentile); (3) BMI-overweight (WHr ≤ 0.49, BMI ≥ 85th percentile); or (4) overweight by both BMI and WHr. Left ventricular mass index (LVMI), fasting lipids, fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23), blood pressure, and glucose were measured as markers of CV risk. Linear mixed-effects regression was used to evaluate differences in CV markers between overweight and lean groups. Results Participants were 12.2 years old, 60% male, and 17% African-American. Approximately 15% were overweight by WHr but not by BMI. Overweight status by WHr-only or both WHr and BMI was associated with

Journal

Pediatric NephrologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 5, 2018

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off