Vortex Escape from Columnar Defect in a Current-Loaded Superconductor

Vortex Escape from Columnar Defect in a Current-Loaded Superconductor The problem of Abrikosov vortices depinning from extended linear (columnar) defect in 3D-anisotropic superconductor film under non-uniformly distributed Lorentz force is studied for the case of low temperatures, disregarding thermal activation processes. We treat it as a problem of mechanical behavior of an elastic vortex string settled in a potential well of a linear defect and exerted to Lorentz force action within the screening layer about the London penetration depth near the specimen surface. The stability problem for the vortex pinning state is investigated by means of numerical modeling, and conditions for the instability threshold are obtained as well as the critical current density $$j_\mathrm{c}$$ j c and its dependence on the film thickness and magnetic field orientation. The instability leading to vortex depinning from extended linear defect first emerges near the surface and then propagates inside the superconductor. This scenario of vortex depinning mechanism at low temperatures is strongly supported by some recent experiments on high-Tc superconductors and other novel superconducting materials, containing columnar defects of various nature. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Low Temperature Physics Springer Journals

Vortex Escape from Columnar Defect in a Current-Loaded Superconductor

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Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Physics; Condensed Matter Physics; Characterization and Evaluation of Materials; Magnetism, Magnetic Materials
ISSN
0022-2291
eISSN
1573-7357
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10909-018-1986-0
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The problem of Abrikosov vortices depinning from extended linear (columnar) defect in 3D-anisotropic superconductor film under non-uniformly distributed Lorentz force is studied for the case of low temperatures, disregarding thermal activation processes. We treat it as a problem of mechanical behavior of an elastic vortex string settled in a potential well of a linear defect and exerted to Lorentz force action within the screening layer about the London penetration depth near the specimen surface. The stability problem for the vortex pinning state is investigated by means of numerical modeling, and conditions for the instability threshold are obtained as well as the critical current density $$j_\mathrm{c}$$ j c and its dependence on the film thickness and magnetic field orientation. The instability leading to vortex depinning from extended linear defect first emerges near the surface and then propagates inside the superconductor. This scenario of vortex depinning mechanism at low temperatures is strongly supported by some recent experiments on high-Tc superconductors and other novel superconducting materials, containing columnar defects of various nature.

Journal

Journal of Low Temperature PhysicsSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 6, 2018

References

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