Volumetric bone mineral density of the spine predicts mortality in African-American men with type 2 diabetes

Volumetric bone mineral density of the spine predicts mortality in African-American men with type... Summary The study showed that in African-American men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), vertebral volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) predicts all-cause mortality, independent of other risk factors for death. Introduction Compared to European Americans, African Americans have lower rates of osteoporosis and higher rates of T2D. The relationships between BMD and fractures with mortality are unknown in this population. The aim of this study was to determine relationships between vertebral fractures and vertebral vBMD and mortality in African Americans with T2D. Methods Associations between vertebral fractures and vBMD with all-cause mortality were examined in 675 participants with T2D (391 women and 284 men) in the African American-Diabetes Heart Study (AA-DHS). Lumbar and thoracic vBMD were measured using quantitative computed tomography (QCT). Vertebral fractures were assessed on sagittal CT images. Associations of vertebral fractures and vBMD with all-cause mortality were determined in sex-stratified analyses and in the full sample. Covariates in a minimally adjusted model included age, sex, BMI, smoking, and alcohol use; the full model was adjusted for those variables plus cardiovascular disease, hypertension, coronary artery calcified plaque, hormone replacement therapy (wom- en), African ancestry proportion, and eGFR. Results After mean 7.6 ± 1.8-year follow-up, 59 (15.1%) of http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Osteoporosis International Springer Journals

Volumetric bone mineral density of the spine predicts mortality in African-American men with type 2 diabetes

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by International Osteoporosis Foundation and National Osteoporosis Foundation
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Orthopedics; Endocrinology; Rheumatology
ISSN
0937-941X
eISSN
1433-2965
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00198-018-4578-6
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Summary The study showed that in African-American men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), vertebral volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) predicts all-cause mortality, independent of other risk factors for death. Introduction Compared to European Americans, African Americans have lower rates of osteoporosis and higher rates of T2D. The relationships between BMD and fractures with mortality are unknown in this population. The aim of this study was to determine relationships between vertebral fractures and vertebral vBMD and mortality in African Americans with T2D. Methods Associations between vertebral fractures and vBMD with all-cause mortality were examined in 675 participants with T2D (391 women and 284 men) in the African American-Diabetes Heart Study (AA-DHS). Lumbar and thoracic vBMD were measured using quantitative computed tomography (QCT). Vertebral fractures were assessed on sagittal CT images. Associations of vertebral fractures and vBMD with all-cause mortality were determined in sex-stratified analyses and in the full sample. Covariates in a minimally adjusted model included age, sex, BMI, smoking, and alcohol use; the full model was adjusted for those variables plus cardiovascular disease, hypertension, coronary artery calcified plaque, hormone replacement therapy (wom- en), African ancestry proportion, and eGFR. Results After mean 7.6 ± 1.8-year follow-up, 59 (15.1%) of

Journal

Osteoporosis InternationalSpringer Journals

Published: May 31, 2018

References

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