Summary The study showed that in African-American men with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D), vertebral volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD) predicts all-cause mortality, independent of other risk factors for death. Introduction Compared to European Americans, African Americans have lower rates of osteoporosis and higher rates of T2D. The relationships between BMD and fractures with mortality are unknown in this population. The aim of this study was to determine relationships between vertebral fractures and vertebral vBMD and mortality in African Americans with T2D. Methods Associations between vertebral fractures and vBMD with all-cause mortality were examined in 675 participants with T2D (391 women and 284 men) in the African American-Diabetes Heart Study (AA-DHS). Lumbar and thoracic vBMD were measured using quantitative computed tomography (QCT). Vertebral fractures were assessed on sagittal CT images. Associations of vertebral fractures and vBMD with all-cause mortality were determined in sex-stratified analyses and in the full sample. Covariates in a minimally adjusted model included age, sex, BMI, smoking, and alcohol use; the full model was adjusted for those variables plus cardiovascular disease, hypertension, coronary artery calcified plaque, hormone replacement therapy (wom- en), African ancestry proportion, and eGFR. Results After mean 7.6 ± 1.8-year follow-up, 59 (15.1%) of
Osteoporosis International – Springer Journals
Published: May 31, 2018
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