Void-fraction measurements in a steady-state mercury-nitrogen flow loop

Void-fraction measurements in a steady-state mercury-nitrogen flow loop  A steady-state vertical mercury-nitrogen flow system has been investigated using three tomographic algorithms. Void-fraction profiles have been reconstructed by the data collected by a 60 mCi gamma-ray source and a single Na(Tl) detector. The results indicate excellent agreement (within ±1%) between the least-squares-solution and the chord-segment-inversion algorithms. The data-collection time for each data-ray was varied so that in each case 3000 counts could be collected to reduce the detrimental effect of Poisson statistics in the reconstructed profiles. Eleven sets of data have been collected for nitrogen flow-rates between 0.00123 and 0.00884  kg/s. The mercury flow-rates were between 17.6 and 34.1 kg/s. The resulting cross-sectional average void varied between 0.10 and 0.38. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Experiments in Fluids Springer Journals

Void-fraction measurements in a steady-state mercury-nitrogen flow loop

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Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 1998 by Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Fluid- and Aerodynamics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
0723-4864
eISSN
1432-1114
D.O.I.
10.1007/s003480050192
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

 A steady-state vertical mercury-nitrogen flow system has been investigated using three tomographic algorithms. Void-fraction profiles have been reconstructed by the data collected by a 60 mCi gamma-ray source and a single Na(Tl) detector. The results indicate excellent agreement (within ±1%) between the least-squares-solution and the chord-segment-inversion algorithms. The data-collection time for each data-ray was varied so that in each case 3000 counts could be collected to reduce the detrimental effect of Poisson statistics in the reconstructed profiles. Eleven sets of data have been collected for nitrogen flow-rates between 0.00123 and 0.00884  kg/s. The mercury flow-rates were between 17.6 and 34.1 kg/s. The resulting cross-sectional average void varied between 0.10 and 0.38.

Journal

Experiments in FluidsSpringer Journals

Published: May 11, 1998

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