ISSN 1070-4272, Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry, 2008, Vol. 81, No. 10, p. 1877. © Pleiades Publishing, Ltd., 2008. Original Russian Text © Editorial board, 2008, published in Zhurnal Prikladnoi Khimii, 2008, Vol. 81, No. 10, p. 1757. OBITUARY DOI: 10.1134/S1070427208100352 Vladimir Aleksandrovich Krol’, a prominent sci- entist in the field of synthetic rubber production, doc- tor of chemical sciences, professor, winner of the Lenin and State Prizes, eldest staff member of the Le- bedev Research Institute of Synthetic Rubber (VNIISK), died on June 7, 2008, at the age of 84, after serious sickness. A gifted man with a heroic fate passed away. Krol’ was born on November 16, 1923, in Omsk into a family of hereditary physicians. In June 1941, at the age of 17, he graduated with excellent marks from secondary school no. 37 of Omsk and hoped to con- tinue the job of his parents. However, his destiny was dif- ferent. Since the autumn of 1941, Krol’ worked as a turner at a military plant in Novosibirsk. In May 1942, he volunteered into the Red Army and participated in bat- tles. He was wounded twice (for the second time, heavily). After demobilization in the autumn of 1944, he entered the Lensovet Institute of Technology. After the second year, he passed to the University and gradu- In 1972, Krol’ very successfully defended his ated from the Chemical Faculty with honor in 1949. Doctoral (Chemistry) dissertation. It concerned the poly- His specialization was organic synthesis. All the fur- merization of butadiene and the development and com- ther activities of Krol’ are associated with VNIISK. In mercial implementation of a procedure for producing 1953, he defended his Candidate’s dissertation “Ac- SKD (cis-1,4-polybutadiene) rubber. In 1973, Krol’ tivity of Free Radicals in Connection with the Polym- became a professor, and in 1978 he was awarded a erization Process.” In 1963, he became a senior re- State Prize for his studies. searcher. Under the guidance of Prof. B.A. Dolgoplosk From 1985 to 1989, Krol’, along with heading a lab- (Academician since 1964), Krol’ actively participates oratory in VNIISK, occupied a professor’s post at in studies concerning the problem of butadiene polym- the Chair of Macromolecular Compounds of the Len- erization. For a series cycle of studies on catalytic sys- ingrad State University. He delivered the course of tems for the synthesis of cis-polybutadiene, Krol’ was chemical technology of polymers and supervised di- awarded in 1961 a Diploma of the Mendeleev All- ploma works. In the period from 1965 to 1990, twelve Union Chemical Society, and for a series of papers candidate’s dissertations were defended under the “Development of cis-Polybutadiene Rubber” he, to- guidance of V.A. Krol’. gether with co-workers, received the Lebedev prize of the Presidium of the USSR Academy of Sciences. In Vladimir Aleksandrovich Krol’ was a very good 1967, Krol’ and co-workers were awarded a Lenin and comprehensively gifted person, a talented scientist, Prize “For a Series of Studies on the Development of an excellent experimenter, and a tireless traveler. He Regular Rubbers and of a Process for Their Commer- enjoyed deserved universal esteem. Krol’ spent the last cial Production.” The development and mastering of period of his life in Israel, but he remained the Russian the production of two new kinds of rubber on a number citizen and visited St. Petersburg every year. of plants was at that time a major achievement of Staff members of the Research Institute the Soviet science and engineering. The contribution of Krol’ to this success is very large. of Synthetic Rubber, colleagues, and friends
Russian Journal of Applied Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 6, 2008
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