Viviparity Advantages in the Lizard Liolaemus sarmientoi from the End of the World

Viviparity Advantages in the Lizard Liolaemus sarmientoi from the End of the World Two hypotheses have prevailed to explain the evolution of viviparity in reptiles: the first proposed that viviparity evolved in response to cold-climates because the possibility of pregnant females to thermoregulate at higher temperatures than embryos could experience in a nest in nature. The second hypothesis posits that the advantage of viviparity is based on the possibility of females to maintain stable body temperatures during development, enhancing offspring fitness. With the aim to contribute to understanding the origins of viviparity in reptiles, we experimentally subjected pregnant females of the austral lizard Liolaemus sarmientoi to two temperature treatments until parturition: one that simulated environmental temperatures for a potential nest (17–25 °C) and another that allowed females to thermoregulate at their preferred body temperature (17–45 °C). Then, we analysed newborn body conditions and their locomotor performance to estimate their fitness. In addition, we measured the body temperature in the field and the preferred temperature in the laboratory of pregnant and non-pregnant females. Pregnant females thermoregulated to achieve higher temperatures than the environmental temperatures, and also thermoregulated within a narrower range than non-pregnant females. This could have allowed embryos to develop in higher and more stable temperatures than they would experience in a nest in nature. Thus, offspring developed at the female preferred temperature showed greater fitness and were born earlier in the season than those developed at lower environmental temperatures. Herein, we show that results are in agreement with the two hypotheses of the origin of viviparity for one of the southernmost lizards of the world. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Evolutionary Biology Springer Journals

Viviparity Advantages in the Lizard Liolaemus sarmientoi from the End of the World

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/viviparity-advantages-in-the-lizard-liolaemus-sarmientoi-from-the-end-FERL9DHLBP
Publisher
Springer US
Copyright
Copyright © 2017 by Springer Science+Business Media New York
Subject
Life Sciences; Evolutionary Biology; Ecology; Developmental Biology; Human Genetics; Animal Genetics and Genomics
ISSN
0071-3260
eISSN
1934-2845
D.O.I.
10.1007/s11692-017-9410-2
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Two hypotheses have prevailed to explain the evolution of viviparity in reptiles: the first proposed that viviparity evolved in response to cold-climates because the possibility of pregnant females to thermoregulate at higher temperatures than embryos could experience in a nest in nature. The second hypothesis posits that the advantage of viviparity is based on the possibility of females to maintain stable body temperatures during development, enhancing offspring fitness. With the aim to contribute to understanding the origins of viviparity in reptiles, we experimentally subjected pregnant females of the austral lizard Liolaemus sarmientoi to two temperature treatments until parturition: one that simulated environmental temperatures for a potential nest (17–25 °C) and another that allowed females to thermoregulate at their preferred body temperature (17–45 °C). Then, we analysed newborn body conditions and their locomotor performance to estimate their fitness. In addition, we measured the body temperature in the field and the preferred temperature in the laboratory of pregnant and non-pregnant females. Pregnant females thermoregulated to achieve higher temperatures than the environmental temperatures, and also thermoregulated within a narrower range than non-pregnant females. This could have allowed embryos to develop in higher and more stable temperatures than they would experience in a nest in nature. Thus, offspring developed at the female preferred temperature showed greater fitness and were born earlier in the season than those developed at lower environmental temperatures. Herein, we show that results are in agreement with the two hypotheses of the origin of viviparity for one of the southernmost lizards of the world.

Journal

Evolutionary BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Feb 24, 2017

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off