Purpose Since HCV infection may lead to hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and vitamin D (deficiency) is related to cancer, we investigated if SNPs in genes involved in vitamin D pathway could predict HCV-related HCC presence in patients treated with new anti-HCV drugs. Methods Patients with chronic hepatitis C and treated with direct-acting antivirals were enrolled. SNPs in VDR, CYP27B1, CYP24A1 and GC genes were assessed through real-time PCR. 258 patients were analyzed. Results HCC was present in six patients, all taking sofosbuvir, all males and five/six had cirrhosis. HCV-RNA log levels at baseline were statistically different between patients with and without HCC. VDR FokI T > C SNP resulted associated with HCC: all the CC patients were free from HCC. An association between HCC presence and undetectable HCV-RNA at 1 month of therapy was suggested; cirrhosis was related to HCC. HCC risk factors were age, ribavirin administration, IL28Brs12979860CC and previous treatments; VDR FokICC, sex and insulin resistance were protective factors. Conclusions These data highlighted vitamin D pathway gene SNPs and HCC relationship in the Italian population; further studies are required. Keywords Viral hepatitis · Hepatocellular carcinoma · Vitamin D · VDR · Pharmacogenetics · SNP · Sofosbuvir Jessica Cusato and Lucio Boglione equally contributed to this Introduction
Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology – Springer Journals
Published: Jan 22, 2018
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud