Visual observation of fuel-borne ice crystals

Visual observation of fuel-borne ice crystals J Vis https://doi.org/10.1007/s12650-018-0498-y REGULAR PAPER • • Chanhee Moon Hyunduk Seo Sang Youl Yoon Received: 17 April 2018 / Revised: 6 May 2018 / Accepted: 8 May 2018 The Visualization Society of Japan 2018 Abstract This study closely observed fuel-borne ice crystals and discusses their morphological charac- teristics. Fuel-borne ice crystals are formed naturally in jet fuel when entrained water freezes, and unfor- tunately, their characteristics are poorly understood. Crystals nucleating in a fluid static condition were observed at about - 38 C. The ice crystals had various shapes that can be classified into three types: plate and spherical shapes, columnar shapes, and irregular shapes. The size of the crystals ranged from 5 to 15 microns along the prism plane and up to 30 microns along the base plane. No remarkable growth or phase change was observed after crystallization at low temperature since the number of water molecules in the jet fuel is limited. However, metastable crystals were found in the fuel, as in previous results obtained using a toluene matrix. The metastable crystals could help with the growth of hexagonal fuel-borne ice crystals. Further investigation is required for the growth rate of hexagonal ice crystals from metastable crystals. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Visualization Springer Journals

Visual observation of fuel-borne ice crystals

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Publisher
Springer Berlin Heidelberg
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by The Visualization Society of Japan
Subject
Engineering; Engineering Fluid Dynamics; Computer Imaging, Vision, Pattern Recognition and Graphics; Classical and Continuum Physics; Engineering Thermodynamics, Heat and Mass Transfer
ISSN
1343-8875
eISSN
1875-8975
D.O.I.
10.1007/s12650-018-0498-y
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

J Vis https://doi.org/10.1007/s12650-018-0498-y REGULAR PAPER • • Chanhee Moon Hyunduk Seo Sang Youl Yoon Received: 17 April 2018 / Revised: 6 May 2018 / Accepted: 8 May 2018 The Visualization Society of Japan 2018 Abstract This study closely observed fuel-borne ice crystals and discusses their morphological charac- teristics. Fuel-borne ice crystals are formed naturally in jet fuel when entrained water freezes, and unfor- tunately, their characteristics are poorly understood. Crystals nucleating in a fluid static condition were observed at about - 38 C. The ice crystals had various shapes that can be classified into three types: plate and spherical shapes, columnar shapes, and irregular shapes. The size of the crystals ranged from 5 to 15 microns along the prism plane and up to 30 microns along the base plane. No remarkable growth or phase change was observed after crystallization at low temperature since the number of water molecules in the jet fuel is limited. However, metastable crystals were found in the fuel, as in previous results obtained using a toluene matrix. The metastable crystals could help with the growth of hexagonal fuel-borne ice crystals. Further investigation is required for the growth rate of hexagonal ice crystals from metastable crystals.

Journal

Journal of VisualizationSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 2, 2018

References

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