J Vis (2018) 21:835–840 https://doi.org/10.1007/s12650-018-0498-y REGULAR PAPER • • Chanhee Moon Hyunduk Seo Sang Youl Yoon Received: 17 April 2018 / Revised: 6 May 2018 / Accepted: 8 May 2018 / Published online: 2 June 2018 The Visualization Society of Japan 2018 Abstract This study closely observed fuel-borne ice crystals and discusses their morphological charac- teristics. Fuel-borne ice crystals are formed naturally in jet fuel when entrained water freezes, and unfor- tunately, their characteristics are poorly understood. Crystals nucleating in a ﬂuid static condition were observed at about - 38 C. The ice crystals had various shapes that can be classiﬁed into three types: plate and spherical shapes, columnar shapes, and irregular shapes. The size of the crystals ranged from 5 to 15 microns along the prism plane and up to 30 microns along the base plane. No remarkable growth or phase change was observed after crystallization at low temperature since the number of water molecules in the jet fuel is limited. However, metastable crystals were found in the fuel, as in previous results obtained using a toluene matrix. The metastable crystals could help with the growth of hexagonal fuel-borne ice crystals. Further investigation is required for the growth
Journal of Visualization – Springer Journals
Published: Jun 2, 2018
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