Visual Health and Visual Healthcare Access in Refugees and Displaced Persons: A Systematic Review

Visual Health and Visual Healthcare Access in Refugees and Displaced Persons: A Systematic Review Vision impairment is a significant global health concern. Still, there remains a gap in our knowledge of visual health in refugees. We conducted a systematic review of the distinctive eye care needs of refugees. We screened PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science through February 17, 2017 for studies that focused primarily on visual health in refugees. Risk of bias was assessed using the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute quality assessment tools. 26 studies were included in the final review. The prevalence of blindness ranged from 1.3 to 26.2%. Trachoma was the leading infectious cause. Only four studies assessed vision-related care. Time/location of displacement, social unrest, and sanitation impacted severity of eye disease. Refugees have unique eye care needs. Public health interventions should target eye care at every stage of displace- ment. Providers may use these results to inform future research and improve visual healthcare access in refugee groups. Keywords Vision refugees · Refugee eye care · Blindness refugee · Vision displaced persons Introduction Refugees and displaced persons are among the most vul- nerable groups for poor health outcomes. Political unrest Vision impairment is an often preventable and easily treat- and a failing health system result in increased morbidity able global health http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health Springer Journals

Visual Health and Visual Healthcare Access in Refugees and Displaced Persons: A Systematic Review

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature
Subject
Medicine & Public Health; Public Health; Sociology, general; Private International Law, International & Foreign Law, Comparative Law
ISSN
1557-1912
eISSN
1557-1920
D.O.I.
10.1007/s10903-018-0766-x
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Vision impairment is a significant global health concern. Still, there remains a gap in our knowledge of visual health in refugees. We conducted a systematic review of the distinctive eye care needs of refugees. We screened PubMed, EMBASE, and Web of Science through February 17, 2017 for studies that focused primarily on visual health in refugees. Risk of bias was assessed using the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute quality assessment tools. 26 studies were included in the final review. The prevalence of blindness ranged from 1.3 to 26.2%. Trachoma was the leading infectious cause. Only four studies assessed vision-related care. Time/location of displacement, social unrest, and sanitation impacted severity of eye disease. Refugees have unique eye care needs. Public health interventions should target eye care at every stage of displace- ment. Providers may use these results to inform future research and improve visual healthcare access in refugee groups. Keywords Vision refugees · Refugee eye care · Blindness refugee · Vision displaced persons Introduction Refugees and displaced persons are among the most vul- nerable groups for poor health outcomes. Political unrest Vision impairment is an often preventable and easily treat- and a failing health system result in increased morbidity able global health

Journal

Journal of Immigrant and Minority HealthSpringer Journals

Published: Jun 2, 2018

References

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