In wood machining operations, target surfaces are chosen to achieve technical functions (gluing, finishing), or aesthetic functions (raw wood, varnishing) in order to produce a surface which consumers will appreciate. Although the literature often refers to the optimization of cutting conditions to improve the surface quality, there is currently no specific criterion to define what good surface quality is. The purpose of this study was to investigate quantitative criteria related to consumer preferences and to find an acceptability threshold for each criterion in order to determine the best cutting conditions. To this end, 32 surfaces from Chrysophilum boivinianum (Sapotaceae) were machined in various cutting conditions which yielded surfaces ranging from very rough to smooth. The primary surface profile, roughness and waviness parameters, and machining defects (raised grain, torn grain, chip marks, cutting traces) were measured on each surface. Visual and visuo-tactile tests were then carried out with a panel of 174 consumers. The results show that touch allowed better appreciation of surface defects than a simple visual observation. Consumers like smooth surfaces without visible defects and less visible peaks of waviness. The acceptability thresholds of surface parameters correlated with consumer preferences were determined. The rotational speed and the feed speed affect the most the surface quality. To obtain good surface quality for consumers, the rotation speed should be greater than 5000 rpm, with a maximum feed rate per tooth of 0.5 mm, and a maximum average chip thickness of 0.18 mm. This knowledge will help industries to better optimize the cutting of wood.
European Journal of Wood and Wood Products – Springer Journals
Published: Sep 12, 2016
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