The entry of African swine fever (ASF) virus into Vero cells and swine macrophages is mediated by saturable binding sites located in the plasma membrane, which have been related, as in other virus-cell systems, to the sensitivity of the cell to the virus. In order to define this correlation, we have analyzed up to 16 cell lines derived from different species for their sensitivity to virus infection, to determine the step in the virus infective cycle that was blocked in each resistant cell, the presence of saturable cell receptors and the percentage of bound and internalized virus in these cells. Specific ASF virus receptors were found in different quantities in many sensitive and resistant cell lines. The most restricted cells showed a reduced efficiency of virus binding and virus internalization, as well as a lower amount of cell receptors for the virus attachment protein p12. Other resistant cells were restricted only after early virus translation or virus DNA replication, proving that the presence of virus-specific receptors may be necessary, but not sufficient, to guarantee the cell permissiveness to the virus, and that the ASF virus infection can be arrested at different steps on the infective cycle.
Archives of Virology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 1, 1999
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