Virus Induced Gene Silencing of a DEFICIENS Ortholog in Nicotiana Benthamiana

Virus Induced Gene Silencing of a DEFICIENS Ortholog in Nicotiana Benthamiana Traditionally, developmental studies in plant biology have suffered from the lack of a convenient means to study gene function in non-model plant species. Here we show that virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is an effective new tool to study the function of orthologs of floral homeotic genes such as DEFICIENS(DEF) in non-model systems. We used a tobacco rattle virus (TRV)-based VIGS approach to study the function of the Nicotiana benthamiana DEFortholog (NbDEF). Silencing of NbDEFin N. benthamianausing TRV-VIGS was similar to that of Antirrhinum defand Arabidopsis ap3mutants and caused transformation of petals into sepals and stamens into carpels. Molecular analysis of the NbDEF-silenced plants revealed a dramatic reduction of the levels of NbDEFmRNA and protein in flowers. NbDEFsilencing was specific and has no effect on the mRNA levels of NbTM6, the closest paralog of NbDEF. A dramatic reduction of the levels of N. benthamiana GLOBOSA(NbGLO) mRNA and protein was also observed in flowers of NbDEF-silenced plants, suggesting that cross-regulation of this GLO-like gene by NbDEF. Taken together, our results suggest that NbDEF is a functional homolog of Antirrhinum DEF. Our results are significant in that they show that TRV efficiently induces gene silencing in young and differentiating flowers and that VIGS is a promising new tool for analyses of developmental gene function in non-model organisms. Plant Molecular Biology Springer Journals

Virus Induced Gene Silencing of a DEFICIENS Ortholog in Nicotiana Benthamiana

Loading next page...
Kluwer Academic Publishers
Copyright © 2004 by Kluwer Academic Publishers
Life Sciences; Biochemistry, general; Plant Sciences; Plant Pathology
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial