Traditionally, developmental studies in plant biology have suffered from the lack of a convenient means to study gene function in non-model plant species. Here we show that virus-induced gene silencing (VIGS) is an effective new tool to study the function of orthologs of floral homeotic genes such as DEFICIENS(DEF) in non-model systems. We used a tobacco rattle virus (TRV)-based VIGS approach to study the function of the Nicotiana benthamiana DEFortholog (NbDEF). Silencing of NbDEFin N. benthamianausing TRV-VIGS was similar to that of Antirrhinum defand Arabidopsis ap3mutants and caused transformation of petals into sepals and stamens into carpels. Molecular analysis of the NbDEF-silenced plants revealed a dramatic reduction of the levels of NbDEFmRNA and protein in flowers. NbDEFsilencing was specific and has no effect on the mRNA levels of NbTM6, the closest paralog of NbDEF. A dramatic reduction of the levels of N. benthamiana GLOBOSA(NbGLO) mRNA and protein was also observed in flowers of NbDEF-silenced plants, suggesting that cross-regulation of this GLO-like gene by NbDEF. Taken together, our results suggest that NbDEF is a functional homolog of Antirrhinum DEF. Our results are significant in that they show that TRV efficiently induces gene silencing in young and differentiating flowers and that VIGS is a promising new tool for analyses of developmental gene function in non-model organisms.
Plant Molecular Biology – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 21, 2004
It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.
Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.
All for just $49/month
Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly
Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.
Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.
Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.
All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.
“Hi guys, I cannot tell you how much I love this resource. Incredible. I really believe you've hit the nail on the head with this site in regards to solving the research-purchase issue.”Daniel C.
“Whoa! It’s like Spotify but for academic articles.”@Phil_Robichaud
“I must say, @deepdyve is a fabulous solution to the independent researcher's problem of #access to #information.”@deepthiw
“My last article couldn't be possible without the platform @deepdyve that makes journal papers cheaper.”@JoseServera