Virtual Reality in Transition Program for Adults with Autism: Self-Efficacy, Confidence, and Interview Skills

Virtual Reality in Transition Program for Adults with Autism: Self-Efficacy, Confidence, and... Adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) are understudied within the literature, especially within the context of employment. Extant data, though limited, suggests competitive integrated employment rates which are significantly lower than nuerotypical individuals. Researchers have suggested that one factor related to these low employment rates are limited interview skills demonstrated by individuals with HFASD. Additionally, individuals with HFASD tend to report lower levels of self-confidence and self-efficacy (SE), within the context of their ability to successfully pass a job interview. Benefits of employment for those with HFASD include a sense of purpose, independence, and social interaction, all of which improve wellness. To address these needs, a Virtual Reality Job Interview Training Program (VR-JIT) was implemented in an adult transition program to improve job interview skills. As such, this exploratory study examined pre-post changes in participants’ SE and self-confidence specific to their perceived interview skills; VR-JIT was a viable method to improve confidence and skill with interviewing and may help improve vocational opportunities that are linked with wellness for those with HFASD. . . . . . Keywords Autism Autism spectrum disorder Adult transition Job interviews Adults with autism Virtual reality Gainful employment is associated with wellness, indepen- disabilities, http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png Contemporary School Psychology Springer Journals

Virtual Reality in Transition Program for Adults with Autism: Self-Efficacy, Confidence, and Interview Skills

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Publisher
Springer Journals
Copyright
Copyright © 2018 by California Association of School Psychologists
Subject
Psychology; Child and School Psychology; Educational Psychology
ISSN
2159-2020
eISSN
2161-1505
D.O.I.
10.1007/s40688-018-0195-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

Adults with high-functioning autism spectrum disorder (HFASD) are understudied within the literature, especially within the context of employment. Extant data, though limited, suggests competitive integrated employment rates which are significantly lower than nuerotypical individuals. Researchers have suggested that one factor related to these low employment rates are limited interview skills demonstrated by individuals with HFASD. Additionally, individuals with HFASD tend to report lower levels of self-confidence and self-efficacy (SE), within the context of their ability to successfully pass a job interview. Benefits of employment for those with HFASD include a sense of purpose, independence, and social interaction, all of which improve wellness. To address these needs, a Virtual Reality Job Interview Training Program (VR-JIT) was implemented in an adult transition program to improve job interview skills. As such, this exploratory study examined pre-post changes in participants’ SE and self-confidence specific to their perceived interview skills; VR-JIT was a viable method to improve confidence and skill with interviewing and may help improve vocational opportunities that are linked with wellness for those with HFASD. . . . . . Keywords Autism Autism spectrum disorder Adult transition Job interviews Adults with autism Virtual reality Gainful employment is associated with wellness, indepen- disabilities,

Journal

Contemporary School PsychologySpringer Journals

Published: Jun 4, 2018

References

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