The rectus abdominis muscle and musculocutaneous flaps have contributed to the efficient reconstruction of tissue defects that require a large amount of cutaneous and muscular tissue. In this article, outcomes of soft-tissue defects after reconstruction with the rectus abdominis muscle and musculocutaneous flaps were retrospectively analyzed. From August 2003 to June 2009, 25 flaps were transferred to reconstruct a wide variety of soft-tissue defects in the breast, chest wall, groin, perineal, and head and neck regions, as well as the upper and lower extremities. The rectus abdominis muscle and musculocutaneous flaps were used as part of 11 different approaches in 25 cases. There were 13 male and 12 female patients; the mean patient age was 44.2 years. The mean follow-up period was 8 months (range, 4–15 months). The overall success rate was 100%, and all flaps healed uneventfully. All reconstructive procedures were completed without any major complications. Rectus sheets were repaired primarily, and no mesh application was used. Minor complications related to transferred flaps were wound infection and dehiscence in one case, wound dehiscence in two cases, and flap lymphedema in one case. Minor complications related to the donor site were seroma in one case and wound infection and dehiscence in another case. This study presents our experience with the rectus abdominis muscle and musculocutaneous flaps in a series of 25 cases. The indications for the use of this particular flap with other flaps are discussed.
European Journal of Plastic Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 1, 2011
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