A successful application of the ultrasound velocity profile (UVP) measuring technique to investigations on the flow of magnetic fluids is described. The flow structure of a magnetic fluid in a concentric annular geometry with a large aspect ratio of 20 and a radius ratio of 0.65 was investigated for a inner cylinder rotation. Axial velocity distributions were measured using the UVP measuring technique. A non-uniform magnetic field was applied to the flow field using a permanent magnet located on the outside of the cylinders. The energy spectral density was calculated from the periodic axial velocity profiles. The critical Reynolds number was obtained for various magnetic field strengths, and the apparent viscosity caused by the applied magnetic field was estimated. The UVP method was demonstrated to provide useful information on the structure of Taylor vortex flow in a magnetic fluid.
Experiments in Fluids – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 4, 1999
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