Variations in breeding success of the Whiskered Terns (Chlidonias hybrida) were studied in two wetlands; Anzali (2005 and 2008) and Zarivar (2007–2008) in north and west Iran. Nesting success was modeled and compared using information-theoretic approach implemented in program Mark in order to assess effects of colony locations, years and nest initiation dates on the probability of daily nest survival. Clutch size did not vary between colonies and years. Breeding success varied between colonies (Zarivar > Anzali), and years only in Anzali (2005 > 2008). Overall daily nest survival was 0.977. (95% LCI 0.973, UCI 0.981), equivalent to a Mayfield nest survival of 0.317. (95% LCI 0.255, UCI 0.387). Egg-laying periods and colony site were important covariates affecting the daily survival rates (Σω i = 0.86 and Σω i = 0.83, respectively), while, the support for the effect of year was less (Σω i = 0.41). We concluded that Lake Zarivar provides a more favorable nesting location for Whiskered Terns probably because of little changes in rainfall and water depth during the breeding seasons which influence breeding performance.
Russian Journal of Ecology – Springer Journals
Published: Jul 6, 2011
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