A study of variability of 11 allozyme loci (sAat, G3pdh, Gpi, sIdh, Ldh-A, Ldh-B, sMdh, sMe, sSod, Pgdh, and Sdh) in the evolutionary series of vertebrates from Cyclostomat to Mammalia revealed that (1) in vertebrates, these loci encoding multimeric enzymes are characterized by different heterozygosity levels, the extremes of which (represented by loci Ldh-A and Pgdh) differ from each other more than by a factor of 4; (2) classes of vertebrates markedly differed from one another in genetic variation; lower Tetrapoda are characterized by the highest level of genetic polymorphism, the classes representing the margins of the phyletic line—primitive (Cyclostomata and Chondrchthyes) and advanced (Aves and Mammalia)—have minimum heterozygosity levels, whereas Osteichthyes are characterized by intermediate heterozygosity level; (3) in the evolutionary series of vertebrates, heterozygosity varies rather independently in the groups of loci characterized by low, medium, and high variability. These patterns are explained in the context of intraorganismic factors: integration of mono- and polygenic traits (primarily, body size and ontogeny rate) and evolutionary specialization.
Russian Journal of Genetics – Springer Journals
Published: Oct 13, 2004
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