Local skin flaps are used to close defects adjacent to the donor site. They are classified according to their method of movement: flaps that advance from its base to the defect (V-Y, Y-V, single-pedicle, and bipedicle advancement flaps) and flaps that move on a pivot point (rotation, transposition, and interpolation flaps). Despite its frequent use, there is not a unique name for V-Y rotation advancement flap; moreover, there is not a flap class called “rotation advancement” in the textbooks. A systematic review of the literature was conducted using “PubMed” and “Google Scholar” in December 2013. We made different searches using keywords “V-Y-S flap,” “V-Y rotation advancement flap,” and “hatchet flap”. The search was limited to the studies published in English and French. In total, 31 articles were found. Five articles presenting musculocutaneous hatchet flap, were excluded from the review. We included 26 articles in which cutaneous and fasciocutaneous flaps were described. We found 12 case series and five case reports presenting “hatchet flap.” Two case series and two case reports about “V-Y-S flap” were reported. Four case series and one case report about “V-Y rotation and advancement flap” were written. V-Y rotation and advancement flap were performed under different names on any regions of the body by several authors, and none of the authors reported flap loss or any dehiscence that resulted with a second surgery. With the help of this review, we would like to standardize its design and its dissection. Level of Evidence: Not ratable.
European Journal of Plastic Surgery – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 1, 2014
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