Here, we utilized the ultrasonic emulsification technique to generate hyaluronic acid microspheres incorporating a fluorescence-based glucose biosensor. We synthesized a novel lanthanide ion luminophore based on Eu3+. Eu sulfosuccinimidyl dextran (Eu-dextran) and Alexa Fluor 647 sulfosuccinimidyl-ConA (Alexa Fluor 647-ConA) were encapsulated in hyaluronic acid hydrogel to generate microspheres. Glucose sensing was carried out using a fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET)-based assay principle. A proportional fluorescence intensity increase was found within a 0.5–10-mM glucose concentration range. The glucose-sensing strategy showed an excellent tolerance for potential interferents. Meanwhile, the fluorescent signal of hyaluronic acid microspheres was very stable after testing for 72 h in glucose solution. Overall, hyaluronic acid microspheres encapsulating sensing biomolecules offer a stable and biocompatible biosensor for a variety of applications including cell culture systems, tissue engineering, detection of blood glucose, etc.
Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry – Springer Journals
Published: Feb 17, 2018
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