Purpose The inu fl ence of pregnancy on uterine b fi roid size still remains an unsolved dilemma. Basing on current knowledge, physicians are not able to inform patients about the likelihood of uterine fibroids to modify their size during pregnancy. Study aim was to summarize available evidence concerning the size modifications of uterine fibroids during each trimester of pregnancy and during puerperium. Methods The review was reported following the PRISMA guidelines and registered in PROSPERO (registration number: CRD42017071117). A literature search was conducted in electronic database (PubMed, Embase, Sciencedirect, the Cochrane library and Clinicaltrials.gov) until July 2017. All studies evaluating fibroids’ changes during pregnancy and puerperium by ultrasound or magnetic-resonance-imaging were included. Descriptive characteristics of studies and patients were collected. The modifications of uterine fibroid diameter and volume were the outcome measures. Results Concerning the first trimester of pregnancy, all authors reported a significant growth of uterine fibroids. Contradic - tory evidence was found about uterine fibroid modifications during the second and third trimesters, mainly supporting a slowdown during mid pregnancy and a subsequent size reduction during late pregnancy. Concerning the overall modifications during pregnancy and puerperium, poor evidence quality suggests that uterine fibroids do not modify their
Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics – Springer Journals
Published: Dec 13, 2017
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