UT-B1 Mediates Transepithelial Urea Flux in the Rat Gastrointestinal Tract

UT-B1 Mediates Transepithelial Urea Flux in the Rat Gastrointestinal Tract The process of urea nitrogen salvaging plays a vital role in the symbiotic relationship between mammals and their intestinal bacteria. The first step in this process requires the movement of urea from the mammalian bloodstream into the gastrointestinal tract lumen via specialized proteins known as facilitative urea transporters. In this study, we examined both transepithelial urea fluxes and urea transporter protein abundance along the length of the rat gastrointestinal tract. Urea flux experiments that used rat gastrointestinal tissues showed significantly higher transepithelial urea transport was present in caecum and proximal colon (P < 0.01, n = 8, analysis of variance [ANOVA]). This large urea flux was significantly inhibited by 1,3,dimethylurea (P < 0.001, n = 8, ANOVA) and thiourea (P < 0.05, n = 6, unpaired t-test), both known blockers of facilitative urea transporters. Immunoblotting analysis failed to detect any UT-A protein within rat gastrointestinal tissue protein samples. In contrast, a 30-kDa UT-B1 protein was strongly detected in both caecum and proximal colon samples at significantly higher levels compared to the rest of the gastrointestinal tract (P < 0.01, n = 4, ANOVA). We therefore concluded that UT-B1 mediates the transepithelial movement of urea that occurs in specific distal regions of the rat gastrointestinal tract. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

UT-B1 Mediates Transepithelial Urea Flux in the Rat Gastrointestinal Tract

Loading next page...
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site


You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.

DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 12 million articles from more than
10,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Unlimited reading

Read as many articles as you need. Full articles with original layout, charts and figures. Read online, from anywhere.

Stay up to date

Keep up with your field with Personalized Recommendations and Follow Journals to get automatic updates.

Organize your research

It’s easy to organize your research with our built-in tools.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

Monthly Plan

  • Read unlimited articles
  • Personalized recommendations
  • No expiration
  • Print 20 pages per month
  • 20% off on PDF purchases
  • Organize your research
  • Get updates on your journals and topic searches


Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial

Best Deal — 39% off

Annual Plan

  • All the features of the Professional Plan, but for 39% off!
  • Billed annually
  • No expiration
  • For the normal price of 10 articles elsewhere, you get one full year of unlimited access to articles.



billed annually
Start Free Trial

14-day Free Trial