UT-B1 Mediates Transepithelial Urea Flux in the Rat Gastrointestinal Tract

UT-B1 Mediates Transepithelial Urea Flux in the Rat Gastrointestinal Tract The process of urea nitrogen salvaging plays a vital role in the symbiotic relationship between mammals and their intestinal bacteria. The first step in this process requires the movement of urea from the mammalian bloodstream into the gastrointestinal tract lumen via specialized proteins known as facilitative urea transporters. In this study, we examined both transepithelial urea fluxes and urea transporter protein abundance along the length of the rat gastrointestinal tract. Urea flux experiments that used rat gastrointestinal tissues showed significantly higher transepithelial urea transport was present in caecum and proximal colon (P < 0.01, n = 8, analysis of variance [ANOVA]). This large urea flux was significantly inhibited by 1,3,dimethylurea (P < 0.001, n = 8, ANOVA) and thiourea (P < 0.05, n = 6, unpaired t-test), both known blockers of facilitative urea transporters. Immunoblotting analysis failed to detect any UT-A protein within rat gastrointestinal tissue protein samples. In contrast, a 30-kDa UT-B1 protein was strongly detected in both caecum and proximal colon samples at significantly higher levels compared to the rest of the gastrointestinal tract (P < 0.01, n = 4, ANOVA). We therefore concluded that UT-B1 mediates the transepithelial movement of urea that occurs in specific distal regions of the rat gastrointestinal tract. http://www.deepdyve.com/assets/images/DeepDyve-Logo-lg.png The Journal of Membrane Biology Springer Journals

UT-B1 Mediates Transepithelial Urea Flux in the Rat Gastrointestinal Tract

Loading next page...
 
/lp/springer_journal/ut-b1-mediates-transepithelial-urea-flux-in-the-rat-gastrointestinal-BjtNyW0CnU
Publisher
Springer-Verlag
Copyright
Copyright © 2010 by Springer Science+Business Media, LLC
Subject
Life Sciences; Human Physiology ; Biochemistry, general
ISSN
0022-2631
eISSN
1432-1424
D.O.I.
10.1007/s00232-010-9331-9
Publisher site
See Article on Publisher Site

Abstract

The process of urea nitrogen salvaging plays a vital role in the symbiotic relationship between mammals and their intestinal bacteria. The first step in this process requires the movement of urea from the mammalian bloodstream into the gastrointestinal tract lumen via specialized proteins known as facilitative urea transporters. In this study, we examined both transepithelial urea fluxes and urea transporter protein abundance along the length of the rat gastrointestinal tract. Urea flux experiments that used rat gastrointestinal tissues showed significantly higher transepithelial urea transport was present in caecum and proximal colon (P < 0.01, n = 8, analysis of variance [ANOVA]). This large urea flux was significantly inhibited by 1,3,dimethylurea (P < 0.001, n = 8, ANOVA) and thiourea (P < 0.05, n = 6, unpaired t-test), both known blockers of facilitative urea transporters. Immunoblotting analysis failed to detect any UT-A protein within rat gastrointestinal tissue protein samples. In contrast, a 30-kDa UT-B1 protein was strongly detected in both caecum and proximal colon samples at significantly higher levels compared to the rest of the gastrointestinal tract (P < 0.01, n = 4, ANOVA). We therefore concluded that UT-B1 mediates the transepithelial movement of urea that occurs in specific distal regions of the rat gastrointestinal tract.

Journal

The Journal of Membrane BiologySpringer Journals

Published: Dec 3, 2010

References

You’re reading a free preview. Subscribe to read the entire article.


DeepDyve is your
personal research library

It’s your single place to instantly
discover and read the research
that matters to you.

Enjoy affordable access to
over 18 million articles from more than
15,000 peer-reviewed journals.

All for just $49/month

Explore the DeepDyve Library

Search

Query the DeepDyve database, plus search all of PubMed and Google Scholar seamlessly

Organize

Save any article or search result from DeepDyve, PubMed, and Google Scholar... all in one place.

Access

Get unlimited, online access to over 18 million full-text articles from more than 15,000 scientific journals.

Your journals are on DeepDyve

Read from thousands of the leading scholarly journals from SpringerNature, Elsevier, Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford University Press and more.

All the latest content is available, no embargo periods.

See the journals in your area

DeepDyve

Freelancer

DeepDyve

Pro

Price

FREE

$49/month
$360/year

Save searches from
Google Scholar,
PubMed

Create lists to
organize your research

Export lists, citations

Read DeepDyve articles

Abstract access only

Unlimited access to over
18 million full-text articles

Print

20 pages / month

PDF Discount

20% off